Нативизм (политика)

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Нативи́зм (от англ. native — «коренной», «уроженец»[1]) — политическая позиция, требующая благоприятствования и предоставления привилегированного статуса определенным установленным жителям нации по отношению к приезжим или иммигрантам[2]. Нативизм обычно предполагает оппозицию иммиграции и поддержку усилий по снижению политического или правового статуса конкретных этнических и/или культурных групп, потому что эти группы считаются враждебными или чуждыми естественной культуре, и не могут быть ассимилированы[3].

См. также[править | править код]

Примечания[править | править код]

  1. Прилуцкий В. В. Идеи нативизма в США в 1930 — 1950-е годы // Диалог со временем. — 2012. — № Вып. 39. — С. 347—361.
  2. Entzinger H. B.  (нид.); Martiniello M.  (англ.); Wihtol de Wenden C.  (фр.). Migration between states and markets (неопр.). — Ashgate  (англ.), 2004. — С. 19. — ISBN 978-0-7546-4231-2.
  3. Thomas J. Curran, "Assimilation and Nativie, " International Migration Digest, Vol. 3, No. 1 (Spring, 1966), pp. 15-25

Литература[править | править код]

  • Allerfeldt, Kristofer. Race, Radicalism, Religion, and Restriction: Immigration in the Pacific Northwest, 1890–1924. Praeger, 2003. — 235 pp.
  • Alexseev, Mikhail A. Immigration Phobia and the Security Dilemma: Russia, Europe, and the United States (Cambridge University Press, 2005). — 294 pp.
  • Anbinder, Tyler. "Nativism and prejudice against immigrants," in A companion to American immigration, ed. by Reed Ueda (2006) pp. 177–201
  • Art, David. Inside the Radical Right: The Development of Anti-Immigrant Parties in Western Europe (Cambridge University Press; 2011) 288 pp.
  • Barkan, Elliott R. "Return of the Nativists? California Public Opinion and Immigration in the 1980s and 1990s." Social Science History  (англ.) 2003 27(2): 229–283. ISSN 0145-5532 in Project MUSE
  • Betz, Hans-Georg. "Against the 'Green Totalitarianism': Anti-Islamic Nativism in Contemporary Radical Right-Wing Populism in Western Europe," in Christina Schori Liang, ed. Europe for the Europeans (2007)
  • Billington, Ray Allen. The Protestant Crusade, 1800–1860: A Study of the Origins of American Nativism (1964) online
  • Ceuppens, Bambi. "Allochthons, Colonizers, and Scroungers: Exclusionary Populism in Belgium," African Studies Review  (англ.), Volume 49, Number 2, September 2006, pp. 147–186 doi:10.1353/arw.2006.0102
  • Chinn, Jeff, and Robert Kaiser, eds. Russians as the New Minority: Ethnicity and Nationalism in the Soviet Successor States (1996)
  • Franchot, Jenny. Roads to Rome: The Antebellum Protestant Encounter with Catholicism (1994)
  • Finzsch, Norbert, and Dietmar Schirmer, eds. Identity and Intolerance: Nationalism, Racism, and Xenophobia in Germany and the United States (2002)
  • Groenfeldt, D. "The future of indigenous values: cultural relativism in the face of economic development", Futures, 35#9 (2003), pp. 917–929
  • Hamilton, Jeanne. "The Nunnery as Menace: The Burning of the Charlestown Convent, 1834," U.S. Catholic Historian (1996) 14#1 pp. 35–65
  • Higham, John, Strangers in the Land: Patterns of American Nativism, 1860–1925 (1955).
  • Houston, Cecil J. and Smyth, William J. The Sash Canada Wore: A Historical Geography of the Orange Order in Canada. University of Toronto Press, 1980.
  • Hueston, Robert Francis. The Catholic Press and Nativism, 1840–1860 (1976)
  • Hughey, Matthew W. 'Show Me Your Papers! Obama's Birth and the Whiteness of Belonging.' Qualitative Sociology  (англ.) 35(2): 163–181 (2012)
  • Jensen, Richard. "Comparative Nativism: The United States, Canada and Australia, 1880s–1910s," Canadian Journal for Social Research (2010) vol 3#1 pp. 45–55
  • Kaufmann, Eric. American Exceptionalism Reconsidered: Anglo-Saxon Ethnogenesis in the 'Universal' Nation, 1776–1850, Journal of American Studies, 33 (1999), 3, pp. 437–57.
  • Leonard, Ira M. and Robert D. Parmet. American Nativism 1830–1860 (1971)
  • Lee, Erika. "America first, immigrants last: American xenophobia then and now." Journal of the Gilded Age and Progressive Era  (англ.) 19.1 (2020): 3-18.
  • Lee, Erika. America for Americans: A History of Xenophobia in the United States (2019).
  • Liang, Christina Schori, ed. Europe for the Europeans (2007)
  • Lucassen, Leo. The Immigrant Threat: The Integration of Old and New Migrants in Western Europe since 1850. University of Illinois Press, 2005. — 280 pp; ISBN 0-252-07294-4.
  • Luebke, Frederick C. Bonds of Loyalty: German-Americans and World War I (1974)
  • McLaughlin, Robert. "Irish Nationalism and Orange Unionism in Canada: A Reappraisal," Éire-Ireland 41.3&4 (2007) 80–109
  • Mclean, Lorna. "'To Become Part of Us': Ethnicity, Race, Literacy and the Canadian Immigration Act of 1919". Canadian Ethnic Studies 2004 36(2): 1–28. ISSN 0008-3496
  • McNally, Mark. Proving the way: conflict and practice in the history of Japanese nativism (2005)
  • Miller, J. R. Equal Rights: The Jesuits’ Estates Act Controversy (1979).
  • Mamdani, M. When Victims Become Killers: Colonialism, Nativism and the Genocide in Rwanda (2001)
  • Oxx, Katie. The Nativist Movement in America: Religious Conflict in the 19th Century (2013)
  • Palmer, Howard. Patterns of Prejudice: A History of Nativism in Alberta (1992)
  • Robin, Martion. Shades of Right: Nativist and Fascist Politics in Canada, 1920–1940 (University of Toronto Press, 1992);
  • Rose, Richard. "The End of Consensus in Austria and Switzerland," Journal of Democracy  (англ.), Volume 11, Number 2, April 2000, pp. 26–40
  • Schrag Peter. Not Fit For Our Society: Immigration and Nativism in America (University of California Press; 2010) — 256 pp.
  • See, S.W. Riots in New Brunswick: Orange Nativism and Social Violence in the 1840s (University of Toronto Press, 1993).
  • Ward, W. Peter. White Canada Forever: Popular Attitudes and Public Policy toward Orientals in British Columbia (1978)
  • Wertheimer, Jack. Unwelcome Strangers: East European Jews in Imperial Germany (1991)
  • Yakushko, Oksana. Modern-Day Xenophobia: Critical Historical and Theoretical Perspectives on the Roots of Anti-Immigrant Prejudice (Palgrave Macmillan, 2018)