Полевые работы

Материал из Википедии — свободной энциклопедии
(перенаправлено с «Полевые исследования»)
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Биологи проводят полевые исследования

Полевые работы, или полевые исследования, — общий термин для обозначения работ по сбору первичных (сырых, англ. raw) данных. Термин используется в основном в естественных и общественных науках, в том числе в биологии, экологии, охране окружающей среды, картографии, геодезии, геологии, географии, геофизике, палеонтологии, археологии, антропологии, этномузыкологии, лингвистике, социологии и др.

В научной методологии термин известен как полевые исследования.

В здравоохранении использование термина полевые работы применимо в эпидемиологии к сбору данных об эпидемической обстановке (патогенная среда, векторы распространения, социальные и сексуальные контакты и пр.).

Полевая работа, которая проводится на местности (вне помещения или направлена на объекты исследования вне помещения лаборатории), может быть противопоставлена лабораторным или экспериментальным исследованиям, которые проводятся в квазиуправляемой (подконтрольной) окружающей среде. Последние часто называют камеральными работами или исследованиями.

Также термин используется во многих других областях и видах деятельности человека (аудит, оценка стоимости), когда в противоположность камеральным работам (работам в помещении) осуществляется выход на местность.

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Литература[править | править вики-текст]

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