Премия Дэнни Хайнемана в области математической физики

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Премия Дэнни Хайнемана в области математической физики (официально: англ. Dannie Heineman Prize for Mathematical Physics) — премия, ежегодно присуждаемая Американским физическим обществом (APS) совместно с Американским институтом физики (AIP). Была учреждена в 1959 году фондом Хайнемана, получила своё название в честь бизнесмена и мецената Дэнни Хайнемана[en]. Премия присуждается за опубликованные работы в области математической физики, которые внесли значительный вклад в эту область.

Лауреаты премии[править | править код]

Год Лауреат Обоснование награды
1959 Мюррей Гелл-Ман «For his contributions to field theory and to the theory of elementary particles»[1]
1960 Оге Бор «For his contributions tot he development of the theory of the structure of the nucleus»[2]
1961 Марвин Голдбергер «For his utilization and extension of dispersion relations in the physics of strongly interacting elementary particles»[3]
1962 Леон Ван Хов[en] «For his contributions to statistical mechanics and to field theory»[4]
1963 Кейт Бракнер[en] «For contributions to the theory of elementary particles, nuclei and condensed matter, especially his courage and persistence in deriving the properties of nuclear matter from nucleon-nucleon interactions»[5]
1964 Туллио Редже «For important papers introducing into particle theory the concept of analytic continuation in angular momentum»[6]
1965 Фримен Дайсон «For his contributions to quantum field theory and the theory of the S-matrix»[7]
1966 Николай Николаевич Боголюбов «For several outstanding achievements in bringing the resources of modern mathematics to bear upon fundamental problems of physics, and in particular for the first rigorous proof of dispersion relations for the non-forward scattering of elementary particles»[8]
1967 Джанкарло Вик «For contributions to quantum field theory, for his investigation of the theory of scattering of particles with spin, and his recent deep analysis of the symmetry principles in physics»[9]
1968 Серджо Фубини[en] «For his development of superconvergence relations and their applications to fundamental problems of elementary particle physics, as examples of outstanding publication in the field of mathematical physics»[10]
1969 Артур Уайтман[en] «For founding axiomatic quantum field theory and for continued major contributions to its development»[11]
1970 Йоитиро Намбу «For his diverse and profound contributions to theory, specifically for analysis of symmetry breaking into particle physics and of gauge invariance in the BCS theory of superconductivity, as examples of mathematical physics»[12]
1971 Роджер Пенроуз «For his contribution to general relativity including new mathematical techniques, new conservation laws and his theorem on singularities in space-time, each represented by an outstanding publication in the field of Mathematical Physics»[13]
1972 Джеймс Бьёркен «For his contributions to particle theory, in particular his elucidation of the connection between the short distance behavior of current and such physical phenomena as inelastic lepton scattering -- contributions that are examples of outstanding publication in the field of mathematical physics»[14]
1973 Кеннет Вильсон «For his work on the implications of broken scale invariance in quantum field theory and for his work on the scaling behavior of critical phenomena in statistical mechanics»[15]
1974 Субраманьян Чандрасекар «For application of the elegant and rigorous techniques of mathematical physics to problems of stellar structure, radiative transfer, hydromagnetic stability, the post-Newtonian approximation in general relativity, and the stability off rotating, gravitating bodies, thus continuing and bringing up to date the tradition established by such mathematical physicists as Poincare and Lord Rayleigh»[16]
1975 Людвиг Дмитриевич Фаддеев «For his mathematically and physically incisive work on the three-body problem, and for his profound contribution to the quantization of gauge fields by the method of functional integration»[17]
1976 Стивен Хокинг «For his discovery of remarkable features of gravitational singularities in General Relativity including the growth and the death of black holes and the universe all represented by outstanding publications in the field of mathematical physics»[18]
1977 Стивен Вайнберг «For his formulation of unified gauge theories of weak and electromagnetic interactions and his analysis of the role of spontaneous symmetry briefing in such theories, all represented by outstanding publications in the field of mathematical physics»[19]
1978 Эллиот Либ[en] «For his contributions to statistical mechanics, especially for obtaining the exact solution to problems using two-dimensional ferroelectric models, and the decisive clarification of Coulomb interactions, all represented by outstanding publications in the field of mathematical physics»[20]
1979 Герард ’т Хоофт «For his contributions to Quantum Field Theory, in particular for his studies of the renormalization and other features of Non-Abelian Gauge Theories, all represented by outstanding publications in the Field of Mathematical Physics»[21]
1980 Артур Джаффе[en]
Джеймс Глимм[en]
«For their joint contributions to constructive quantum field theory; in particular for their solutions of models of interacting fields in two and three space-time dimensions, thereby demonstrating the compatibility of relativistic invariance, quantum mechanics, and local field theory»[22][23]
1981 Джеффри Голдстоун «For his contribution to nuclear physics, condensed matter physics and to quantum field theory, in establishing the first rigorous diagrammatic technique for the many-body problem and in proving a fundamental theorem on spontaneously broken global symmetry»[24]
1982 Джон Клайв Уорд «For his contributions to Mathematical Physics especially in renormalization theory and gauge theories of elementary interactions»[25]
1983 Мартин Крускал[en] «For his important contributions to general relativity, plasma physics and especially to the theory of some special nonlinear differential equations useful in many areas of physics»[26]
1984 Роберт Гриффитс[en] «For his contribution to statistical mechanics and thermodynamics; in particular, for his work on correlation inequalities, the theory of tricritical points, and phases equilibria»[27]
1985 Давид Рюэль «For his systematic pursuit of the mathematical basis needed for broadened physical insight in the areas of quantum field theory, statistical mechanics and turbulence»[28]
1986 Александр Маркович Поляков «For his contributions to Mathematical Physics by his analyses of topological effects in quantum field theory as pertains to statistical systems and elementary particles»[29]
1987 Родни Бакстер «For his novel use of mathematical analysis to solve in exact analytical form problems of fundamental importance in statistical mechanics relating directly to cooperative phenomena, phase transitions and quantum field theory»[30]
1988 Юлиус Весс
Бруно Зумино[en]
«For crucial contributions to the discovery and development of supersymmetry, a profound extension of the notation of space-time symmetry, that may underlie unification of the fundamental forces»[31]
1989 Джон Стюарт Белл «For his numerous incisive original contributions to quantum theory and elementary particle physics; in particular, for the Bell inequality, which has played a major role in theoretical and experimental work on the foundations of quantum mechanics»[32]
1990 Яков Григорьевич Синай «For his discoveries of new concepts and his proofs of deep mathematical theorems that have become central to our understanding of both dynamical systems and the foundations of statistical mechanics»[33]
1991 Томас Спенсер[en]
Юрг Фролих[en]
«For their joint work in providing rigorous mathematical solutions to some outstanding problems in statistical mechanics and field theory»[34]
1992 Стэнли Мандельстам «For his fundamental contributions to elementary particle physics, including the Mandelstam representation, which displays the analyticity, properties of scattering amplitudes, the formulation of the relativistic string as a unitary theory of interacting particles, and his influential work on gauge theories»[35]
1993 Мартин Гутцвиллер[en] «For his incisive studies of the semi-classical limit of quantum mechanics, and in particular his trace formula relating the quantum spectrum to periodic classical orbits»[36]
1994 Ричард Арновитт[en]
Стэнли Дезер[en]
Чарльз Мизнер
«For their joint development of a canonical formalism for general relativity which clarified some important physical issues pertaining to gravity and laid the foundation for modern theoretical advancement in gravity and cosmology»[37]
1995 Роман Джакив[en] «For his imaginative use of quantum field theory to throw light on physical problems, including his work on topological solitons, field theory at high temperatures, the existence of anomalies, and the role of these anomalies in particle physics»[38]
1996 Рой Глаубер «For important contributions to the mathematical physics of quantum optics and short-wavelength scattering»[39]
1997 Гарри Леман[en] [40]
1998 Эдвард Виттен
Натан Зайберг
«For their decisive advances in elucidating the dynamics of strongly coupled supersymmetric field and string theories. The deep physical and mathematical consequences of the electric-magnetic duality they exploited have broadened the scope of Mathematical Physics»[41][42]
1999 Барри Маккой[en]
У Дайцзюнь[en]
Александр Борисович Замолодчиков
«For their ground-breaking and penetrating work on classical statistical mechanics, integrable models and conformal field theories»[43][44]
2000 Сидни Коулман «For incisive contributions to the development and understanding of modern theories of elementary particles. Of particular note are his contributions to symmetry breaking and the roles played by internal and space-time symmetries as well as the structure of solutions to an important model in quantum field theory»[45]
2001 Владимир Игоревич Арнольд «For his fundamental contributions to our understanding of dynamics and of singularities of maps with profound consequences for mechanics, astrophysics, statistical mechanics, hydrodynamics and optics»[46]
2002 Джон Шварц
Майкл Грин
«For his pioneering work in the development of superstring theory»[47][48]
2003 Джеймс Йорк[en]
Ивонн Шоке-Брюа[en]
«For separate as well as joint work in proving the existence and uniqueness of solutions to Einstein's gravitational field equations for a variety of sources, and for formulating these equations so as to improve numerical solution procedures with relevance to realistic physical systems»[49][50]
2004 Габриэле Венециано «For his pioneering discoveries in dual resonance models which, partly through his own efforts, have developed into string theory and a basis for the quantum theory of gravity»[51]
2005 Джорджо Паризи «For fundamental theoretical discoveries in broad areas of elementary particle physics, quantum field theory, and statistical mechanics; especially for work on spin glasses and disordered systems»[52]
2006 Дэниел Фридман[en]
Питер ван Ньювенхейзен[en]
Серджо Феррара[en]
«For constructing supergravity, the first supersymmetric extension of Einstein's theory of general relativity, and for their central role in its subsequent development»[53][54][55]
2007 Джозеф Полчински
Хуан Малдасена
«For profound developments in Mathematical Physics that have illuminated interconnections and launched major research areas in Quantum Field Theory, String Theory, and Gravity»[56][57]
2008 Митчелл Фейгенбаум «For developing the theory of deterministic chaos, especially the universal character of period doubling, and for the profound influence of these discoveries on our understanding of nonlinear phenomena in physics»[58]
2009 Ален Руэ[de]
Карло Бекки[en]
Игорь Викторович Тютин
Раймон Стора[en]
«For discovery and exploitation of the BRST symmetry for the quantization of gauge theories providing a fundamental and essential tool for subsequent developments»[59][60][61][62]
2010 Майкл Айзенман[en] «For his development of the random current approach to correlations which has had an impact on a wide variety of problems, especially his rigorous non-perturbative proof of the triviality of Æ4 field theory»[63]
2011 Герберт Шпон[en] «For his seminal contributions to nonequilibrium statistical mechanics as exemplified by his exact solutions of growth models and stationary states of open systems. Combining mathematical rigor with physical insight his work elucidates the transition from microscopic to macroscopic behavior»[64]
2012 Джованни Иона-Лазинио[en] «For contributions to the interaction between statistical mechanics, field theory and the theory of elementary particles, including spontaneous symmetry breaking, critical phenomena and a general theory of dissipative systems»[65]
2013 Митио Дзимбо[en]
Тецуи Мива[de]
«For profound developments in integrable systems and their correlation functions in statistical mechanics and quantum field theory, making use of quantum groups, algebraic analysis and deformation theory»[66][67]
2014 Грегори Мур[en] «For eminent contributions to mathematical physics with a wide influence in many fields, ranging from string theory to supersymmetric gauge theory, conformal field theory, condensed matter physics and four-manifold theory»[68]
2015 Пьер Рамон[en] «For pioneering foundational discoveries in supersymmetry and superstring theory, in particular the dual model of fermions and the theory of the Kalb-Ramond field»[69]
2016 Эндрю Строминджер
Камран Вафа[70]
«For leadership in numerous central developments in string theory, quantum field theory, and quantum geometry; including the interplay between string theory and Calabi-Yau geometry and especially for their elucidation of the origin of black hole entropy from microscopic states»[71][72]
2017 Карл Бендер[en][73] «For developing the theory of PT symmetry in quantum systems and sustained seminal contributions that have generated profound and creative new mathematics, impacted broad areas of experimental physics, and inspired generations of mathematical physicists»[74]

Примечания[править | править код]

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  73. Physicist wins 2017 Heineman Prize // Washington University in St. Louis, 10 октября 2016  (англ.)
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