Премия Лео Силарда

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Премия Лео Силарда (англ. Leo Szilard Lectureship Award) — научная премия Американского физического общества.

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Учреждена в 1974 году. Названа в честь американского учёного-физика Лео Силарда. До 1998 года была обычной премией, с 1998 года преобразована в лекцию при вручении и последующий цикл лекций в научных центрах. Присуждается ежегодно за продвижение идей о влиянии физики на развитие общества. Включает в себя сертификат, 3 тысячи долларов, а также 2 тысячи долларов на путешествия по научным центрам с лекциями. Премией награждены 5 лауреатов Нобелевской премии.

Лауреаты[править | править код]

Год Лауреат Формулировка обоснования
2017 James Timbie For demonstrating resolve, creativity, and skill in advising national security leadership on nuclear arms control and nonproliferation agreements[1]
2016 Joel Primack[en] For a crucial role in establishing the Congressional Science and Technology Policy Fellowships[2]
2015 Ashok Gadgil[en] For applying physics to a variety of social problems and developing sustainable energy, environmental and public health technologies, as well as demonstrating how these could be scaled up, thus contributing to improved life for millions[3]
2014 M.V. Ramana[en]
Ramamurti Rajaraman[en]
For outstanding contributions to promote global security issues, through critical analyses of nuclear weapons and nuclear energy programs in India and associated risks in the subcontinent, and efforts to promote peace and nuclear security in South Asia through extensive engagements and writings[4][5]
2013 Geoffrey West[en] For path-breaking work on the origin of universal biological scaling laws and quantitative models for structural and functional design of organisms. For theoretical insights about the long-term sustainability of cities[6]
2012 Siegfried Hecker[en] For his leadership in developing international science and technology cooperation in areas critical to global security resulting in real reductions in the dangers of nuclear proliferation and nuclear terrorism[7]
2011 John F. Ahearne For nearly four decades of selfless dedication to the nation, and for providing a voice of reason in advising on the use of physics for the benefit of society in areas as diverse as nuclear energy, arms control, risk communication, biological safety and ethics in science and engineering[8]
2010 Frank N. von Hippel[en] For his outstanding work and leadership in using physics to illuminate public policy in the areas of nuclear arms control and nonproliferation, nuclear energy, and energy efficiency[9]
2009 Raymond Jeanloz[en] For contributions to development of sound public policy for nuclear weapons management and nuclear non-proliferation[10]
2008 Анатолий Степанович Дьяков
Павел Леонардович Подвиг
For establishing a center for scientific study of arms control, for landmark analyses, and for courage in supporting open discussion of international security in Russia[11][12]
2007 Джеймс Эдвард Хансен For his seminal contributions to climate physics, especially the incorporation of radiative transfer in climate models, and his tireless efforts to bring the results of climate science to the attention of policymakers and the public[13]
2006 Paul G. Richards[en] For work applying his expertise in geophysics to seismic detection of nuclear explosions. His developments in "forensic seismology" are at the heart of the verification required for a test ban[14]
2005 Дэвид Нокс Бартон
Roger Falcone
Дэниел Клеппнер
Frederick K. Lamb
Ming K. Lau
Harvey L. Lynch
David Moncton
David Montague
David E. Mosher
William Priedhorsky
Maury Tigner[de]
David R. Vaughan
2004 Marc Ross For his many rigorous, elegant, fearless, and influential analyses of the automobile's energy use, emissions, and crashworthiness that have inspired two generations of policy physicists[15]
2003 Robert H. Socolow[en] For leadership in establishing energy and environmental problems as legitimate research fields for physicists, and for demonstrating that these broadly-defined problems can be addressed with the highest scientific standards[16]
2002 Henry C. Kelly For his exceptional efforts in informing and shaping government policy in arms control, the environment, information technology, and energy policy while serving at the Solar Energy Research Institute, the Congressional Office of Technology Assessment, and the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy[17]
2001 John Harte For his diverse and incisive efforts utilizing physical reasoning and analytical tools for understanding environmental processes and for his teaching and writing to encourage this approach among students and colleagues[18]
2000 Jeremiah David Sullivan For leadership in addressing technically complex and often controversial national security issues, such as anti-ballistic missiles, stockpile stewardship, and a comprehensive test ban; and for setting a high standard for applying the rigorous methods of physics to the challenging problems of integrating advanced technology with sound policy in a democratic society[19]
1999 John Alexander Simpson[en] For his leading role in educating scientists, members of Congress and the public on the importance of civilian control of nuclear policy and his critical efforts in the planning and execution of the International Geophysical Year, which established in 1957, a successful model for today's global scale scientific endeavors[20]
1998 David Baird Goldstein[en], Howard Geller For significant contributions to enhancing efficient energy use, particularly for applying physics and economics to optimize energy-efficient appliance standards[21][22]
1997 Thomas L. Neff For proposing and working to keep on track the historic agreement for the US to purchase uranium from the former Soviet Union weapons stockpile and to transform it from highly enriched uranium to low-enriched uranium for civilian purposes, thereby significantly reducing the numbers of nuclear weapons[23]
1996 David Hafemeister For applying physics to issues of nuclear weapons proliferation, arms control, more efficient usage of our energy resources, and other matters of public policy; and for effective communication on such issues to the physics community, policy makers and the general public[24]
1995 Евгений Павлович Велихов
Роальд Зиннурович Сагдеев
For their unique contributions to Soviet Glasnot, which was a major factor in reversing the nuclear arms race between the Soviet Union and the United States[25][26]
1994 Герберт Йорк
1993 Ray Kidder[en] и Roy Woodruff
1992 Kurt Gottfried[en]
1991 Джон Говард Гиббонс
1990 Theodore Postol[en]
1989 Anthony Nero
1988 Robert H. Williams[en]
1987 Thomas B. Cochran
1986 Артур Розенфельд
1985 Джеймс Поллак
O. Brian Toon[en]
Thomas P. Ackerman
Richard P. Turco[en]
Карл Саган
John W. Birks
Нобелевская премия по химии — 1995 Пауль Йозеф Крутцен
1984 Kosta Tsipis
1983 Нобелевская премия мира — 1975 Андрей Дмитриевич Сахаров
1982 Вольфганг Панофский
1981 Нобелевская премия по физике — 1990 Генри Уэй Кендалл
Нобелевская премия по физике — 1967 Ханс Альбрехт Бете
1980 Сидни Дрелл
1979 Нобелевская премия по химии — 1995 Шервуд Роуланд
1978 Мэтью Мезельсон
1976 Ричард Гарвин
1975 Bernard T. Feld[en]
1974 David R. Inglis

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