Премия Национального круга книжных критиков

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Премия Национального круга книжных критиков (англ. National Book Critics Circle Award) — литературная и книжная премия, присуждаемая в США с 1975 года. Премию присуждает Национальный круг книжных критиков — организация, объединяющая литературных критиков и книжных обозревателей. Жюри состоит из 24 членов этой организации, каждый из которых исполняет свои обязанности в течение трёх лет; ежегодно треть членов жюри обновляется путём выборов, проходящих среди членов организации.

Первоначально премия присуждалась в четырёх номинациях: художественная проза (только крупная форма, сборники рассказов не принимаются), документальная проза, поэзия и литературная критика. В 1983 году была добавлена номинация «Биография и автобиография», в 2004 году она была разделена на две разные номинации: «Биография» и «Автобиография и мемуары». Таким образом, в настоящее время премия присуждается в шести номинациях. Кроме того, с 2013 года присуждается особая премия имени одного из основателей Национального круга книжных критиков Джона Леонарда (англ.) за лучшую дебютную книгу.

Помимо этого, Национальный круг книжных критиков присуждает ещё две именные премии, названные в память ещё двух основателей организации. С 1981 года присуждается премия имени Айвена Сандрофа за достижения всей жизни в области книгоиздания. С 1991 года присуждается премия имени Ноны Балакян выдающемуся литературному критику и книжному обозревателю.

Лауреаты[править | править вики-текст]

Художественная проза[править | править вики-текст]

2013 Чимаманда Нгози Адичи Americanah
2012 Ben Fountain Billy Lynn's Long Halftime Walk
2011 Edith Pearlman Binocular Vision: New and Selected Stories
2010 Jennifer Egan A Visit from the Goon Squad
2009 Хилари Мантел «Wolf Hall (англ.)»
2008 Роберто Боланьо 2666
2007 Хуно Диас The Brief Wondrous Life of Oscar Wao
2006 Kiran Desai The Inheritance of Loss
2005 Э. Л. Доктороу The March
2004 Marilynne Robinson Gilead
2003 Edward P. Jones The Known World
2002 Иен Макьюэн Atonement
2001 В. Г. Зебальд Austerlitz
2000 Jim Crace Being Dead
1999 Jonathan Lethem Motherless Brooklyn
1998 Элис Манро The Love of a Good Woman
1997 Penelope Fitzgerald The Blue Flower
1996 Gina Berriault Women in Their Beds
1995 Stanley Elkin Mrs. Ted Bliss
1994 Carol Shields The Stone Diaries
1993 Ernest J. Gaines A Lesson Before Dying
1992 Cormac McCarthy All the Pretty Horses
1991 Jane Smiley A Thousand Acres
1990 Джон Апдайк Rabbit at Rest
1989 Э. Л. Доктороу Billy Bathgate
1988 Bharati Mukherjee The Middleman and Other Stories
1987 Филип Рот The Counterlife
1986 Reynolds Price Kate Vaiden
1985 Энн Тайлер The Accidental Tourist
1984 Louise Erdrich Love Medicine
1983 William Kennedy Ironweed
1982 Stanley Elkin George Mills
1981 Джон Апдайк Rabbit Is Rich
1980 Shirley Hazzard The Transit of Venus
1979 Thomas Flanagan The Year of the French
1978 Джон Чивер The Stories of John Cheever
1977 Тони Моррисон Song of Solomon
1976 Джон Гарднер October Light
1975 Э. Л. Доктороу Ragtime

Документальная проза[править | править вики-текст]

2013 Sheri Fink Five Days at Memorial: Life and Death in a Storm-Ravaged Hospital
2012 Andrew Solomon Far from the Tree: Parents, Children, and the Search for Identity
2011 Maya Jasanoff Liberty's Exiles: American Loyalists in the Revolutionary World
2010 Isabel Wilkerson The Warmth of Other Suns: The Epic Story of America's Great Migration
2009 Richard Holmes The Age of Wonder: How the Romantic Generation Discovered the Beauty and Terror of Science
2008 Dexter Filkins The Forever War
2007 Harriet A. Washington Medical Apartheid: The Dark History of Medical Experimentation on Black Americans From Colonial Times to the Present
2006 Simon Schama Rough Crossings: Britain, the Slaves and the American Revolution
2005 Светлана Алексиевич Voices from Chernobyl: The Oral History of a Nuclear Disaster
2004 Diarmaid MacCulloch The Reformation: A History
2003 Paul Hendrickson Sons of Mississippi
2002 Samantha Power A Problem from Hell: America and the Age of Genocide
2001 Nicholson Baker Double Fold: Libraries and the Assault on Paper
2000 Ted Conover Newjack: Guarding Sing Sing
1999 Jonathan Weiner Time, Love, Memory: A Great Biologist and His Quest for the Origins of Behavior
1998 Philip Gourevitch We Wish to Inform You That Tomorrow We Will Be Killed With Our Families
1997 Anne Fadiman The Spirit Catches You and You Fall Down
1996 Jonathan Raban Bad Land: An American Romance
1995 Jonathan Harr A Civil Action
1994 Lynn H. Nicholas The Rape of Europa: The Fate of Europe’s Treasures in the Third Reich and the Second World War
1993 Alan Lomax The Land Where the Blues Began
1992 Norman Maclean Young Men and Fire
1991 Susan Faludi Backlash: The Undeclared War Against American Women
1990 Shelby Steele The Content of Our Character: A New Vision of Race in America
1989 Michael Dorris The Broken Cord
1988 Taylor Branch Parting the Waters: America in the King Years, 1954–63
1987 Richard Rhodes The Making of the Atomic Bomb
1986 John W. Dower War Without Mercy: Race and Power in the Pacific War
1985 J. Anthony Lukas Common Ground: A Turbulent Decade in the Lives of Three American Families
1984 Freeman Dyson Weapons and Hope
1983 Seymour M. Hersh The Price of Power: Kissinger in the Nixon White House
1982 Robert Caro The Path to Power: The Years of Lyndon Johnson
1981 Stephen Jay Gould The Mismeasure of Man
1980 Ronald Steel Walter Lippmann and the American Century
1979 Telford Taylor Munich: The Price of Peace
1978 Maureen Howard Facts of Life
1977 Walter Jackson Bate Samuel Johnson
1976 Maxine Hong Kingston The Woman Warrior: Memoirs of a Girlhood among Ghosts
1975 R. W. B. Lewis Edith Wharton: A Biography

Мемуары и автобиографии[править | править вики-текст]

2013 Amy Wilentz Farewell, Fred Voodoo: A Letter From Haiti
2012 Leanne Shapton Swimming Studies
2011 Mira Bartók The Memory Palace
2010 Darin Strauss Half a Life
2009 Diana Athill Somewhere Towards the End
2008 Ariel Sabar My Father’s Paradise: A Son’s Search for His Jewish Past in Kurdish Iraq
2007 Edwidge Danticat Brother, I'm Dying
2006 Daniel Mendelsohn The Lost: A Search for Six of Six Million
2005 Francine du Plessix Gray Them: A Memoir of Parents

Биографии[править | править вики-текст]

2013 Leo Damrosch Jonathan Swift: His Life and His World
2012 Robert A. Caro The Passage of Power: The Years of Lyndon Johnson
2011 John Lewis Gaddis George F. Kennan: An American Life
2010 Sarah Bakewell How To Live, Or A Life Of Montaigne
2009 Blake Bailey Cheever: A Life
2008 Patrick French The World is What it is: The Authorized Biography of V.S. Naipaul
2007 Tim Jeal Stanley: The Impossible Life of Africa’s Greatest Explorer
2006 Julie Phillips James Tiptree, Jr.: The Double Life of Alice B. Sheldon
2005 Kai Bird and Martin J. Sherwin American Prometheus: The Triumph and Tragedy of J. Robert Oppenheimer

Биографии и автобиографии[править | править вики-текст]

2004 Mark Stevens and Annalyn Swan De Kooning: An American Master
2003 William Taubman Khrushchev: The Man and His Era
2002 Janet Browne Charles Darwin: The Power of Place, Vol. II
2001 Adam Sisman Boswell’s Presumptuous Task: The Making of the Life of Dr.Johnson
2000 Herbert P. Bix Hirohito and the Making of Modern Japan
1999 Henry Wiencek The Hairstons: An American Family in Black and White
1998 Sylvia Nasar A Beautiful Mind
1997 James Tobin Ernie Pyle’s War: America’s Eyewitness to World War II
1996 Frank McCourt Angela's Ashes
1995 Robert Polito Savage Art: A Biography of Jim Thompson
1994 Mikal Gilmore Shot in the Heart
1993 Edmund White Genet
1992 Carol Brightman Writing Dangerously: Mary McCarthy and Her World
1991 Philip Roth Patrimony: A True Story
1990 Robert A. Caro Means of Ascent: The Years of Lyndon Johnson, Vol. II
1989 Geoffrey C. Ward A First-Class Temperament: The Emergence of Franklin Roosevelt
1988 Richard Ellmann Oscar Wilde
1987 Donald R. Howard Chaucer: His Life, His Works, His World
1986 Theodore Rosengarten Tombee: Portrait of a Cotton Planter
1985 Leon Edel Henry James: A Life
1984 Joseph Frank Dostoevsky: The Years of Ordeal, 1850—1859
1983 Joyce Johnson Minor Characters

Поэзия[править | править вики-текст]

2013 Frank Bidart Metaphysical Dog
2012 D. A. Powell Useless Landscape, or A Guide for Boys
2011 Laura Kasischke Space, In Chains
2010 C.D. Wright One With Others
2009 Rae Armantrout Versed
2008 Juan Felipe Herrera Half the World in Light
' August Kleinzahler Sleeping it Off in Rapid City
2007 Mary Jo Bang Elegy
2006 Troy Jollimore Tom Thomson in Purgatory
2005 Jack Gilbert Refusing Heaven
2004 Adrienne Rich The School Among the Ruins
2003 Susan Stewart Columbarium
2002 B.H. Fairchild Early Occult Memory Systems of the Lower Midwest
2001 Albert Goldbarth Saving Lives
2000 Judy Jordan Carolina Ghost Woods
1999 Ruth Stone Ordinary Words
1998 Marie Ponsot The Bird Catcher
1997 Charles Wright Black Zodiac
1996 Роберт Хасс Sun Under Wood
1995 William Matthews Time and Money
1994 Mark Rudman Rider
1993 Mark Doty My Alexandria
1992 Hayden Carruth Collected Shorter Poems 1946—1991
1991 Albert Goldbarth Heaven and Earth: A Cosmology
1990 Amy Gerstler Bitter Angel
1989 Rodney Jones Transparent Gestures
1988 Donald Hall That One Day
1987 Ч. К. Уильямс Flesh and Blood
1986 Edward Hirsch Wild Gratitude
1985 Луиза Глюк The Triumph of Achilles
1984 Sharon Olds The Dead and the Living
1983 James Merrill The Changing Light at Sandover
1982 Katha Pollitt Antarctic Traveler
1981 A.R. Ammons A Coast of Trees
1980 Frederick Seidel Sunrise
1979 Philip Levine Ashes: Poems New and Old and 7 Years From Somewhere
1978 L. E. Sissman Hello, Darkness: The Collected Poems of L. E. Sissman
1977 Роберт Лоуэлл Day by Day
1976 Элизабет Бишоп Geography III
1975 Джон Эшбери Self-portrait in a Convex Mirror

Критика[править | править вики-текст]

2013 Франко Моретти Distant Reading
2012 Marina Warner Stranger Magic: Charmed States and the Arabian Nights
2011 Geoff Dyer Otherwise Known as the Human Condition: Selected Essays and Reviews
2010 Clare Cavanagh Lyric Poetry and Modern Politics: Russia, Poland, and the West
2009 Eula Biss Notes from No Man's Land: American Essays
2008 Seth Lerer Children’s Literature: A Readers’ History: Reader’s History from Aesop to Harry Potter
2007 Алекс Росс The Rest Is Noise: Listening to the Twentieth Century
2006 Lawrence Weschler Everything That Rises: A Book of Convergences
2005 William Logan The Undiscovered Country: Poetry in the Age of Tin
2004 Patrick Neate Where You’re At: Notes From the Frontline of a Hip-Hop Planet
2003 Rebecca Solnit River of Shadows: Eadweard Muybridge and the Technological Wild West
2002 William H. Gass Tests of Time
2001 Martin Amis The War Against Cliché: Essays and Reviews, 1971—2000
2000 Синтия Озик Quarrel & Quandary
1999 Хорхе Луис Борхес Selected Non-Fictions
1998 Gary Giddins Visions of Jazz: The First Century
1997 Марио Варгас Льоса Making Waves
1996 William H. Gass Finding a Form
1995 Robert Darnton The Forbidden Best-Sellers of Pre-Revolutionary France
1994 Gerald Early The Culture of Bruising: Essays on Prizefighting, Literature, and Modern American Culture
1993 John Dizikes Opera in America: A Cultural History
1992 Garry Wills Lincoln at Gettysburg: The Words That Remade America
1991 Lawrence L. Langer Holocaust Testimonies: The Ruins of Memory
1990 Arthur C. Danto Encounters and Reflections: Art in the Historical Present
1989 John Clive Not by Fact Alone: Essays on the Writing and Reading of History
1988 Clifford Geertz Works and Lives: The Anthropologist as Author
1987 Edwin Denby Dance Writings
1986 Иосиф Бродский Less Than One: Selected Essays
1985 William H. Gass Habitations of the Word: Essays
1984 Robert Hass Twentieth Century Pleasures: Prose on Poetry
1983 Джон Апдайк Hugging the Shore: Essays and Criticism
1982 Гор Видал The Second American Revolution and Other Essays
1981 Вирджил Томсон A Virgil Thomson Reader
1980 Хелен Вендлер Part of Nature, Part of Us: Modern American Poets
1979 Elaine Pagels The Gnostic Gospels
1978 Meyer Schapiro Modern Art: 19th and 20th Centuries (Selected Papers, Volume 2)
1977 Сьюзен Зонтаг On Photography
1976 Bruno Bettelheim The Uses of Enchantment: The Meaning and Importance and Importance of Fairy Tales
1975 Paul Fussell The Great War and Modern Memory

Премия имени Джона Леонарда за первую книгу[править | править вики-текст]

Award for a first book.

2013 Anthony Marra A Constellation of Vital Phenomena

Премия имени Айвена Сандрофа за достижения в книгоиздании[править | править вики-текст]

Publ. Year
2013 Rolando Hinojosa-Smith
2012 Sandra Gilbert
Susan Gubar
2011 Robert Silvers editor of New York Review of Books
2010 Dalkey Archive Press
2009 Joyce Carol Oates
2008 PEN American Center
2007 Emilie Buchwald co-founder of the Milkweed Editions publishing house
2006 John Leonard
2005 Bill Henderson founder of Pushcart Press
2004 Louis D. Rubin, Jr. founder of Algonquin Press, author and editor of more than 50 books
2003 Studs Terkel
2002 Richard Howard
2001 Jason Epstein
2000 Barney Rosset
1999 Lawrence Ferlinghetti
Pauline Kael
1997 Leslie Fiedler
1996 Albert Murray
1995 Alfred Kazin
Elizabeth Hardwick
1994 William Maxwell
1990 Donald Keene
1989 James Laughlin
1987 Robert Giroux
1984 The Library of America
1982 Leslie A. Marchand

Премия имени Ноны Балакян лучшему обозревателю[править | править вики-текст]

Publ. Year
2013 Katherine A. Powers contributor to many national book review sections, including the Boston Globe and Washington Post. For the second time in the Balakian Citation history it includes a $1,000 cash prize.
2012 William Deresiewicz a contributing writer at The Nation and The American Scholar
2011 Kathryn Schulz book critic at New York magazine
2010 Parul Sehgal of Publishers Weekly
2009 Joan Acocella of The New Yorker
2008 Ron Charles of The Washington Post
2007 Sam Anderson of New York magazine
2006 Steven G. Kellman
2005 Wyatt Mason a contributor to Harper's, The New Yorker, The New Republic
2004 David Orr a contributor to The New York Times Book Review and Poetry Magazine
2003 Scott McLemee
2002 Maureen N. McLane
2001 Michael Gorra
2000 Daniel Mendelsohn
1999 Benjamin Schwarz
1998 Albert Mobilio
1997 Thomas Mallon
1996 Dennis Drabelle
1995 Laurie Stone
1994 JoAnn C. Gutin
1993 Brigitte Frase
1992 Elizabeth Ward
1991 George Scialabba

Ссылки[править | править вики-текст]