Префикс судов

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Префикс судна (корабля) — набор букв, обычно аббревиатура, которая ставится перед названием гражданского или военного судна и обозначает его государственную принадлежность или предназначение.

Эта таблица включает как современные, так и исторические префиксы.

Общие префиксы (коммерческого флота)[править | править исходный текст]

Государственные или военные префиксы[править | править исходный текст]

Страна Структура Префикс Значение
АргентинаFlag of Argentina.svg Аргентина Аргентинский флот ARA Военно-морской флот Аргентины (Исп. Armada de la Republica Argentina)
Аргентинская береговая охрана GC Корабль береговой охраны Аргентины (Исп. Guardacostas)
АвстралияFlag of Australia.svg Австралия Королевский австралийский флот HMAS Его/Её величества Австралийский корабль (Англ. His/Her Majesty’s Australian Ship)
АвстралияFlag of Australia.svg Австралия (Виктория) Королевский флот HMVS Его/Её величества Викторианский корабль (недействителен) (Англ. His/Her Majesty’s Victorian Ship)
Шаблон:Флагификация/Austria-Hungary Австро-Венгерский флот SMS Корабль его величества (Австр. Seiner Majestät Schiff)
БагамыFlag of the Bahamas.svg Багамы Королевские Багамские силы самообороны HMBS Его/Её величества Багамский корабль (Англ. His/Her Majesty’s Bahamian Ship)
БангладешFlag of Bangladesh.svg Бангладеш Военно-морской флот Бангладеш BNS Военный корабль Бангладеш (Англ. Bangladesh Naval Ship)
БарбадосFlag of Barbados.svg Барбадос Силы самообороны Барбадоса HMBS Его/Её величества Барбадосский корабль (Англ. His/Her Majesty’s Barbadian Ship)
БельгияFlag of Belgium (civil).svg Бельгия Военно-морские силы Бельгии BNS Бельгийский военный корабль (Префикс НАТО) (Англ. Belgium Naval Ship)
БрунейFlag of Brunei.svg Бруней Royal Brunei Navy KDB Kapal Di-Raja Brunei — Royal Brunei Ship
МьянмаFlag of Myanmar.svg Мьянма Burmese Navy UBS Bamar Sit Yay Yin — Union of Burma Ship
КанадаFlag of Canada.svg Канада Royal Canadian Navy HMCS/NCSM His/Her Majesty’s Canadian Ship/Navire Canadien de Sa Majesté (French)
CFAV/NAFC Canadian Forces Auxiliary Vessel/Navire auxiliaire des Forces canadiennes (French)
Canadian Coast Guard CCGS/NGCC Canadian Coast Guard Ship/Navire de Garde côtière canadienne (French)
CCGC/CGCC Canadian Coast Guard Cutter/Cotre de Garde côtière canadienne (French) (no longer used)
Department of Fisheries and Oceans, Department of Transport, and predecessor departments CGS Canadian Government Ship (no longer used)
CSS Canadian Survey Ship (no longer used)
DGS Dominion Government Ship (no longer used)
Royal Canadian Sea Cadets SCTS/NECM Sea Cadet Training Ship/Navire école des cadets de la Marine (French)
КолумбияFlag of Colombia.svg Колумбия Armada Nacional ARC Armada de la Republica de Colombia
Шаблон:Флагификация/Confederate States of America Confederate States Navy CSS Confederate States Ship (obsolete)
Острова КукаFlag of the Cook Islands.svg Острова Кука Cook Islands Police CIPPB Cook Islands Police Patrol Boat
ДанияFlag of Denmark.svg Дания Royal Danish Navy HDMS (Danish: KDM) His/Her Danish Majesty’s Ship (Danish: Kongelige Danske Marine)
ЭквадорFlag of Ecuador.svg Эквадор Armada Ecuatoriana BAE Buque de la Armada de Ecuador
ЭстонияFlag of Estonia.svg Эстония Estonian Navy ENS (Estonian: EML) Estonian Naval Ship (NATO designation)
Estonian Coast Guard ECGS Estonian Coast Guard Ship (NATO designation)
ФиджиFlag of Fiji.svg Фиджи Republic of Fiji Navy RFNS Republic of Fiji Naval Ship
ФинляндияFlag of Finland.svg Финляндия Finnish Navy FNS Finnish Navy Ship. Prefixes are not used in Finnish-language communications.
ФранцияFlag of France.svg Франция French Navy FS French Ship (NATO designation); France does not use prefixes internally
Шаблон:Флагификация/German Empire Kaiserliche Marine SM U## Seiner Majestät Unterseeboot (English: His Majesty’s Submarine)
SMS Seiner Majestät Schiff (English: His Majesty’s Ship)
Шаблон:Флагификация/Nazi Germany Kriegsmarine (no prefix; some authors use «DKM» for «Deutsche Kriegsmarine» and «KMS» for «Kriegsmarine Schiffe»)
ФРГFlag of Germany.svg ФРГ Bundesmarine FGS Federal German Ship (NATO designation); West Germany did not use prefixes internally
ГерманияFlag of Germany.svg Германия (reunited) Deutsche Marine FGS Federal German Ship (NATO designation); Germany does not use prefixes internally
Шаблон:Флагификация/Kingdom of Greece Royal Hellenic Navy ΒΠ (VP) Βασιλικόν Πλοίον (Vassilikón Ploíon), «Royal Ship»; RHS (Royal Hellenic Ship) or HHMS (His Hellenic Majesty’s Ship) in use by English-language authors and contemporary foreign navies.
ГрецияFlag of Greece.svg Греция Hellenic Navy HS Hellenic Ship: NATO designation, used in international communications; internally the Hellenic Navy uses prefixes indicating ship type.
ГайанаFlag of Guyana.svg Гайана Guyanese Coast Guard[1] GDFS Guyanese Defence Forces Ship
Шаблон:Флагификация/Kingdom of Hawaii Hawaiian Navy HHMS His Hawaiian Majesty’s Ships; the only one being the Kaimiloa
ИсландияFlag of Iceland.svg Исландия Icelandic Coast Guard ICGV (Icelandic: VS) Icelandic Coast Guard Vessel, (Icelandic:Varðskip)
22x20px Indian Navy (pre-Republic) HMIS His/Her Majesty’s Indian Ship
Индия Индия Indian Coast Guard ICGS Indian Coast Guard Ship
Indian Navy INS Indian Naval Ship
ИндонезияFlag of Indonesia.svg Индонезия Республика Индонезия KRI Kapal Republik Indonesia (Корабль Республика Индонезия)
Республика Индонезия KL Kapal Layar (Парусное судно)
Республика Индонезия KM Kapal Motor (Теплоход)
Флаг Ирландии Ирландия Irish Naval Service Long Éireannach — Irish ship
ИзраильFlag of Israel.svg Израиль Israeli Sea Corps INS Israeli Naval Ship (Internally Hebrew acronym אח"י (A.Ch.Y.) is used standing for אניית חיל הים (Oniyat Heyl HaYam — Sea Corps Ship)
Шаблон:Флагификация/Kingdom of Italy
(until 1946)
Regia Marina RN Regia Nave — Royal Ship
Regia Marina R.Smg. Regio Sommergibile — Royal Submarine
ИталияFlag of Italy.svg Италия Marina Militare ITS Italian Ship (NATO designation); Italy no longer uses prefixes
ЯмайкаFlag of Jamaica.svg Ямайка Jamaica Defence Force HMJS His/Her Majesty’s Jamaican Ship
Шаблон:Флагификация/Empire of Japan Imperial Japanese Navy (no prefix; some authors use «HIJMS» for «His Imperial Japanese Majesty’s Ship» and «IJN» for «Imperial Japanese Navy»)
ЯпонияFlag of Japan.svg Япония Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force JDS or JS Japanese Defense Ship or Japanese Ship
КенияFlag of Kenya.svg Кения Kenyan Navy KNS Kenyan Naval Ship
КирибатиFlag of Kiribati.svg Кирибати Kiribati Police Force RKS Republic of Kiribati Ship
Республика КореяFlag of South Korea.svg Республика Корея Republic of Korea Navy ROKS Republic of Korea Ship
ЛатвияFlag of Latvia.svg Латвия Latvian Navy LVNS Latvian Naval Ship (NATO designation)
ЛитваFlag of Lithuania.svg Литва Lithuanian Navy LKL

LNS

Lietuvos Karinis Laivas — Lithuanian Military Ship

Lithuanian Ship (NATO designation)

МалайзияFlag of Malaysia.svg Малайзия Royal Malaysian Navy KD Kapal Di-Raja — His Majesty’s Ship, literal: Royal Ship
Маршалловы ОстроваFlag of the Marshall Islands.svg Маршалловы Острова Marshall Islands Police RMIS Republic of the Marshall Islands Ship
МикронезияFlag of the Federated States of Micronesia.svg Микронезия FSM National Police FSS Federated States Ship
МексикаFlag of Mexico.svg Мексика Armada de México ARM Armada de la República Mexicana
МьянмаFlag of Myanmar.svg Мьянма Tatmadaw Yay UMS Myanma Sit Yay Yin — Union of Myanmar Ship
НидерландыFlag of the Netherlands.svg Нидерланды Royal Netherlands Navy Hr.Ms./Zr.Ms. (English: HNLMS) Harer/Zijner Majesteits (English: His/Her Netherlands Majesty’s Ship)
Новая ЗеландияFlag of New Zealand.svg Новая Зеландия Royal New Zealand Navy HMNZS His/Her Majesty’s New Zealand Ship
НигерияFlag of Nigeria.svg Нигерия Nigerian Navy NNS Nigerian Naval Ship
НорвегияFlag of Norway.svg Норвегия Royal Norwegian Navy HNoMS (Norwegian: KNM) His Norwegian Majesty’s Ship (Norwegian: Kongelige Norske Marine)
Norwegian Coast Guard NoCGV (Norwegian: KV) Norwegian Coast Guard Vessel (Norwegian: Kystvakten)
ОманFlag of Oman.svg Оман Royal Navy of Oman SNV Sultanate Naval Vessel
ПакистанFlag of Pakistan.svg Пакистан Pakistan Navy PNS Pakistani Naval Ship
ПалауFlag of Palau.svg Палау Palau Police PSS Palau State Ship
Папуа — Новая ГвинеяFlag of Papua New Guinea.svg Папуа — Новая Гвинея Papua New Guinea Defence Force HMPNGDFS His/Her Majesty’s Papua New Guinea Defence Force Ship
ПеруFlag of Peru (state).svg Перу Peruvian Navy BAP Peruvian Navy Ship (Spanish: Buque Armada Peruana)
BIC Scientific Research Ship (Spanish: Buque de Investigación Científica)
ФилиппиныFlag of the Philippines.svg Филиппины Philippine Navy BRP Barko ng Republika ng Pilipinas; in use since 1 July 1980
(Ship of the Republic of the Philippines)
RPS Republic of the Philippines Ship (Obsolete); before 1 July 1980
ПольшаFlag of Poland.svg Польша Marynarka Wojenna ORP Корабль Польской Республики
(Польск.: Okręt Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej)
ПортугалияFlag of Portugal.svg Португалия Marinha Portuguesa NRP Navio da República Portuguesa — Portuguese Republic Ship
PNS Portuguese Navy Ship (NATO designation, not used internally)
UAM Unidade Auxiliar da Marinha — Navy Auxiliary Unit (used by the Portuguese Navy non-military ships)
РумынияFlag of Romania.svg Румыния Romanian Navy NMS Nava Majestatii Sale (His/Her majesty’s Ship) — used before 1945 by the Royal Romanian Navy
SMR Serviciul Maritim Roman (The Romanian Sea Service) — used by transport ships
ROS Romanian Ship (NATO designation, not used internally)
РоссияFlag of Russia.svg Россия Russian Navy RFS[источник не указан 1259 дней] Russian Federation Ship; Russia does not use prefixes internally
Саудовская АравияFlag of Saudi Arabia.svg Саудовская Аравия Saudi Navy HMS His Majesty’s Ship — the same as the Royal Navy
СингапурFlag of Singapore.svg Сингапур Republic of Singapore Navy RSS Republic of Singapore Ship
Соломоновы ОстроваFlag of the Solomon Islands.svg Соломоновы Острова Royal Solomon Islands Police RSIPV Royal Solomon Islands Police Vessel
ЮАРFlag of South Africa.svg ЮАР South African Navy SAS South African Ship (previously HMSAS — His/Her Majesty’s South African Ship)
SATS South African Training Ship
ИспанияFlag of Spain.svg Испания Armada Española ESPS Spanish Naval Ship (Spain does not use prefixes internally)
Шри-ЛанкаFlag of Sri Lanka.svg Шри-Ланка Sri Lankan Navy SLNS Sri Lanka Naval Ship
ШвецияFlag of Sweden.svg Швеция Swedish Navy HMS Hans/Hennes Majestäts Skepp — the same as the Royal Navy but in Swedish
Китайская РеспубликаFlag of the Republic of China.svg Китайская Республика Republic of China Navy ROCS (older usage: CNS) Republic of China Ship (older usage: Chinese Navy Ship)
ТаиландFlag of Thailand.svg Таиланд Royal Thai Navy HTMS His Thai Majesty’s Ship
ТонгаFlag of Tonga.svg Тонга Tonga Defence Services VOEA Vaka O Ene Afio (His Majesty’s Vessel)
ТурцияFlag of Turkey.svg Турция Turkish Navy TCG Ship of the Turkish Republic (Turkish: Türkiye Cumhuriyeti Gemisi.)
ТувалуFlag of Tuvalu.svg Тувалу Tuvalu Police Force HMTSS His/Her Majesty’s Tuvaluan State Ship
Тринидад и ТобагоFlag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg Тринидад и Тобаго Trinidad and Tobago Defence Force TTS Trinidad and Tobago Ship
ВеликобританияFlag of the United Kingdom.svg Великобритания Ships carrying mail RMS Royal Mail Steamer/Ship
Fishery protection vessels FPV Fisheries Protection Vessel
Royal Air Force HMAFV His/Her Majesty’s Air Force Vessel (not currently in use)
Royal Fleet Auxiliary ships RFA Royal Fleet Auxiliary
Royal Maritime Auxiliary
Service
ships
RMAS Royal Maritime Auxiliary Service (now obsolete)
Serco Denholm ships SD Vessels previously operated under RMAS prefix that are now operated under contract by Serco Denholm
Royal Navy HM Sloop His/Her Majesty’s Sloop (now obsolete)
HMS His/Her Majesty’s Ship/Submarine
HMSm His/Her Majesty’s Submarine
HMT Hired Military Transport (not currently in use)
HMAV His/Her Majesty’s Armed Vessel[2] (not contemporaneously used)
HMY His/Her Majesty’s Yacht (not currently in use)
HMMGB His/Her Majesty’s Motor Gun Boat (not currently in use)
HMM His/Her Majesty’s Monitor (not currently in use)
HMSML His/Her Majesty’s Small Motor Launch
HBMS His/Her Britannic Majesty’s Ship (archaic)
HM His/Her Majesty’s, then used with the type of ship in military use (e.g. «HM Trawler»)
Hospital ships HMHS His/Her Majesty’s Hospital Ship
Joint Services HMSTC His/Her Majesty’s Sail Training Craft
Trinity House THV Trinity House Vessel (Lighthouse and Buoy Tender)
Northern Lighthouse Board NLV Northern Lighthouse Vessel (Lighthouse tender)
British Army HMAV Her Majesty’s Army Vessel[3]
RCLV Royal Corps of Logistics Vessel (not currently in use)
Government research ships RRS Royal Research Ship
HM Revenue and Customs HMCC, HMC His/Her Majesty’s Customs Cutter shortened to His/Her Majesty’s Cutter after being transferred to the UK Border Agency
HM Customs and Excise (replaced by HMRC, above) HMRC His/Her Majesty’s Revenue Cutter (not used since 18 April 2005)
СШАFlag of the United States.svg США U.S. Air Force USAF, USAFS United States Air Force ship (not currently in use)
U.S. Army (modern) USAS United States Army Ship (modern)
USAV United States Army Vessel (modern)
U.S. Army (historical)
USAT United States Army Transport (large troop or cargo transports, not currently in use)
USAMP U.S. Army Mine Planter (not currently in use)
U.S. Army Vessels not otherwise designated: tugs, FS, Q, P etc. (not currently in use)
USAHS United States Army Hospital Ship (not currently in use)
U.S. Navy USF United States Frigate (obsolete)
USFS United States Flagship (obsolete)
PCU Pre-Commissioning Unit, used for ships of the United States Navy that have not been commissioned into service yet
USS United States Ship
U.S. Navy Military Sealift Command USNS United States Naval Ship (USN owned, civilian crews)
USNV United States Naval Vessel (foreign-built, USN-leased, USN crews)[4]
United States Coast Guard USCGC United States Coast Guard Cutter
USCGD United States Coast Guard Destroyer (not currently in use)
United States Lighthouse Service USLHT United States Lighthouse Tender (obsolete)
United States Revenue Cutter Service USRC United States Revenue Cutter (obsolete)
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration NOAAS NOAA Research Vessel
УругвайFlag of Uruguay.svg Уругвай Uruguayan Navy ROU Republica Oriental del Uruguay
ВануатуFlag of Vanuatu.svg Вануату Vanuatu Police Force RVS Republic of Vanuatu Ship
ВенесуэлаFlag of Venezuela (state).svg Венесуэла Venezuelan Navy FNV Fuerzas Navales de Venezuela Not in use since 1949
ARV Armada Republica de Venezuela Not in use 1999
ARBV Armada Republica Bolivariana de Venezuela

Примечания[править | править исходный текст]

  1. About the Coast Guard (4 September 2008). Проверено 21 марта 2010. Архивировано из первоисточника 22 сентября 2012.
  2. List of Acronyms Preceding the Name of a Ship (22 March 2010). Проверено 22 марта 2010. Архивировано из первоисточника 22 сентября 2012.
  3. Habesch, The Army’s Navy, p. 154
  4. Lt. Cdr. Phillip Pournelle, USN. And now another report from Lt. Cdr. Phillip Pournelle:. Jerrypournelle.com (9 September 2005). Проверено 27 сентября 2008. Архивировано из первоисточника 22 сентября 2012.

The designations for United Kingdom ships applied at the time of the British Empire, before the establishment of separate navies for the Dominions.

In the Royal Netherlands Navy, «HNLMS» is the prefix in English, a translation of the Dutch original «Hr.Ms.» or «Zr.Ms.». «Hr.Ms.» should preferably not be used in English-language documents; nevertheless it is often seen on the World Wide Web. Until the moment a Dutch naval ship officially enters active service in the fleet, the ship’s name is used without the prefix.[источник не указан 1345 дней]

In Australia, the prefix NUSHIP is used to denote ships that have yet to be commissioned into the fleet.[источник не указан 1345 дней]

In the United States Navy, all prefixes other than «USS,» «USNS», «USNV», and «USRC» were made obsolete in 1901 when President Theodore Roosevelt signed into law a bill fixing American naval nomenclature. USRC was replaced by USCGC when the Revenue Cutter Service became the United States Coast Guard in 1915.[источник не указан 1345 дней]

A United States ship that has not yet been commissioned in the Navy does not hold the title of USS, it holds the title of PCU (Pre-commissioned unit). For example, say a shipyard is building a new aircraft carrier, the Flattop. From the date the keel is laid to the date it is commissioned, it is called the PCU Flattop.[1] Only after it enters active service in the fleet and is commissioned will it be referred to as USS Flattop.[2]

By law, the U.S. Navy may not purchase foreign-built ships, but it may lease them as United States Naval Vessels.[3]

When it is stricken from the fleet list, a ship typically has the prefix «ex-» added to its name, to distinguish it from any active ships bearing the same name. For example, after USS Constellation (CV-64) was retired in 2003, she became referred to as ex-Constellation.[источник не указан 1345 дней]

Note that while calling a US ship «the USS Flattop» may make grammatical sense, the preliminary article «the» is discouraged by nearly all style guides, and the U.S. Navy. The U.S. Navy uses ship names without article, except for USS The Sullivans, named for the five Sullivan brothers, all lost at sea during World War II.[4] Its British equivalent («the HMS Flattop») is also discouraged, since «the Her Majesty’s Ship» would be grammatically incorrect.

Названия гражданских судов[править | править исходный текст]

In 1939, the British Ministry of Shipping adopted a standard naming system whereby all merchant ships ordered to be built in Britain to Government account, except very small ship types, would be given the prefix Empire to their name. This applied to ships acquired through purchase, requisition, or taken in prize, with some exceptions. It also applied to older ships acquired from the USA, modern ships acquired on Lease/Lend arrangements, salved and refitted ships, and captured enemy ships.[источник не указан 1345 дней]

Ссылки[править | править исходный текст]




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