Бойня у Радонича: различия между версиями

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В 1990 году в Косово, которое тогда ещё было в составе СФРЮ, начались протесты с требованиями предоставления широкой автономии и даже признания независимости. На территории края образовалась [[Армия освобождения Косово]], которая поставила своей целью вооружённую борьбу против югославского присутствия в крае<ref>"Unknown Albanian 'liberation army' claims attacks", Agence France Presse, February 17, 1996</ref>. После серии небольших нападений албанцы перешли к более радикальным и агрессивным действиям<ref name="hlc-rdc.org">http://www.hlc-rdc.org/?p=13091</ref>, начав занимать территории, откуда шло снабжение остальной части СР Сербии ресурсами, и обосновавшись у [[Ораховац|Ораховца]]. Впоследствии по Косово в 1990-е прокатилась волна этнических чисток.
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In 1990, Kosovo's autonomy within [[Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia|Yugoslavia]] was revoked.{{sfn|Bethlehem|Weller|1997|p=xxii}} Soon after, the [[Kosovo Liberation Army]] (KLA) was formed to fight the Yugoslav establishment.<ref>"Unknown Albanian 'liberation army' claims attacks", Agence France Presse, February 17, 1996</ref> After a string of minor attacks, the KLA's mission became much more aggressive,<ref name="hlc-rdc.org">http://www.hlc-rdc.org/?p=13091</ref> which led to them claiming areas that were key to Serbia's fuel-supply, near the town of [[Orahovac]]. Years of ethnic tension had preceded the Kosovo War, and spilled into numerous atrocities on both sides.
 
InВ Septemberсентябре 1998, theгода [[ArmyВооружённые ofсилы SerbiaСербии andи MontenegroЧерногории|YugoslavАрмия ArmyЮгославии]] (VJ)и andполиция policeЮгославии capturedзаняли aнесколько seriesдеревень ofу villagesводохранилища aroundРадонич: [[Radonjić Lake|Lake Radonjić]] from the KLA beginning with [[PrilepПрилеп, Kosovo|Prilep]],Ирзник [[Irzniq]]и and [[Glodjane]].Глоджане<ref>{{cite web | url=http://www.icty.org/case/haradinaj/4#ind |title=ICTY Fourth Revised Indictment para. 45 |date=16 October 2007 | publisher=U.N. |accessdate=6 February 2013}}</ref><ref>{{cite web | url=http://articles.latimes.com/1998/sep/09/news/mn-21017 | title=New Serbian Offensive Said to be Underway | publisher=L.A. Times |date=9 September 1998 |accessdate=6 February 2013}}</ref>. KLAТем forcesне hadменее, grownАОК strongerбыла andдостаточно tendedсильна, toчтобы controlудерживать villagesдеревни awayрядом fromс theглавными mainдорогами. roadsЮгославы whileрасположили theсвои Yugoslavпозиции militaryна wasхолмах positionedоколо on the hills around Lake Radonjić.водохранилища<ref>{{cite web | url=http://www.icty.org/case/haradinaj/4#tjug |title= Trial Chamber Judgment - para 148 |publisher=U.N. |date=3 April 2008|accessdate=6 February 2013}}</ref> Throughout the summer, Yugoslav forces shelled surrounding Albanian villages around Lake Radonjić from their position on the hills daily.<ref>{{cite web | url=http://www.icty.org/case/haradinaj/4#tjug |title= Trial Chamber Judgment - para 96 |publisher=U.N. |date=3 April 2008|accessdate=6 February 2013}}</ref>. Косовары Meanwhile,стали theсовершать KLAвсё launchedчаще increasinglyнападения boldна attacksсербские againstобъекты Serbianи targetsгражданских and civiliansлиц. InВ September,сентябре theюгославские Yugoslavвойска militaryпродвинулись movedдальше throughк theдеревням, villagesчтобы aroundнанести theудар lakeпо inпозициям orderалбанцев toи attackвыбить andАОК. expelБританский theвоенный KLA.наблюдатель Colonelпри Johnюгославской Croslandармии, anполковник [[England|English]]Джон military officer attached to theКросленд VJутверждал, witnessedчто thisюгославские firstвойска handпорой andсжигали commentedдеревни on the destruction caused by those forces.дотла<ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.ictytranscripts.org/trials/haradinaj/070523IT.htm | title= Public Testimony of John Crosland, transcript page 4666-4670 |date=23 May 2007 | publisher=U.N. | accessdate=6 February 2013}}</ref>. Так, Heпо notedего thatсловам, heвоенные personallyи witnessedполицейские lootingвынесли andвсе burningматериальные ofценности housesиз byдомов Serbianдеревни forcesПрилеп, andа thatпотом theпросто villageсравняли ofеё Prilepс was razed to 18 inches about the ground.землёй<ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.ictytranscripts.org/trials/haradinaj/070523IT.htm | title= Public Testimony of John Crosland, transcript page 4666-4670 |date=23 May 2007 | publisher=U.N. | accessdate=6 February 2013}}</ref>. HeПо statedего thatсловам, theв VJ,операции Serbianучаствовали policeантитеррористические forcesподразделения andпри paramilitaryармии policeи forcesполиции: includingспецназ MUP,МВД PJPЮгославии, SAJ[[Подразделение по специальным операциям]], and[[Специальная JSOантитеррористическая wereгруппа]] involvedи in{{нп3|Специальные theполицейские offensive.подразделения||en|Special Police Units (Serbia)}}<ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.ictytranscripts.org/trials/haradinaj/070523IT.htm | title= Public Testimony of John Crosland, transcript page 4666-4670 |date=23 May 2007 | publisher=U.N. | accessdate=6 February 2013}}</ref>.
 
== Серия убийств ==
==Massacre==
AfterПосле theпроведённой offensive,наступательной approximatelyоперации thirtyбригада bodiesкриминалистов wereполиции discoveredЮгославии byобнаружила aоколо Serbian30 forensic team.трупов<ref>{{cite web | url=http://www.icty.org/case/haradinaj/4#tjug |title= Trial Chamber Judgment - para 146 |publisher=U.N. |date=3 April 2008|accessdate=6 February 2013}}</ref>. TheyОбнаруженные wereими likelyлюди theбыли victimsубиты, ofпо theвсей KLAвидимости, amongчленами whomАОК. wereПод подозрение попали трое: Идриз Гаши ({{lang-sq|Idriz Gashi}}), Мартти Харсия ({{lang-sq|Martti Harsia,}}) andи Авни Красники ({{lang-sq|Avni Krasniqi.}})<ref name="Heike Krieger 2001 38">{{cite book|author=Heike Krieger |title=The Kosovo conflict and international law: an analytical documentation 1974–1999 |url=https://books.google.com/books?id=-OhPTJn8ZWoC&pg=PA38 |accessdate=30 April 2011 |year=2001 |publisher=Cambridge University Press |isbn=978-0-521-80071-6 |pages=38–}}</ref> The corpses were then taken away from Glodjane, and were thrown into Lake Radonjić.<ref name="vreme.com"/><ref name="hlc-rdc.org"/> Serbian authorities, however, refused access to international forensic teams, despite the fact that [[Helena Ranta]], a famous international forensic expert, specifically requested access to the site <ref name="Human Rights Watch 1999">{{cite book |author=Human Rights Watch |title=A week of Terror in Drenica: Human Rights Violations in Kosovo |url=https://books.google.com/books?id=ozTFV4ddD9cC&pg=PA74&lpg=PA74&dq=serbian+forensic+team+glodjane&source=bl&ots=b4O-fDHyy-&sig=YQ0Nny5y8GYQrtlKHgzbJwQekQ0&hl=en&sa=X&ei=WPgSUfm0D8qQqgHj3IDwDQ&ved=0CDwQ6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q=serbian%20forensic%20team%20glodjane&f=false |accessdate=6 February 2013 |year=1999 |publisher= Human Rights Watch |isbn=1-56432-227-0}}</ref> Instead, the Serbian forensic team conducted the investigation themselves which caused [[Human Rights Watch]] to raise questions about the credibility of the evidence recovered.<ref name="Human Rights Watch 1999"/>
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The corpses were then taken away from Glodjane, and were thrown into Lake Radonjić.<ref name="vreme.com"/><ref name="hlc-rdc.org"/> Serbian authorities, however, refused access to international forensic teams, despite the fact that [[Helena Ranta]], a famous international forensic expert, specifically requested access to the site <ref name="Human Rights Watch 1999">{{cite book |author=Human Rights Watch |title=A week of Terror in Drenica: Human Rights Violations in Kosovo |url=https://books.google.com/books?id=ozTFV4ddD9cC&pg=PA74&lpg=PA74&dq=serbian+forensic+team+glodjane&source=bl&ots=b4O-fDHyy-&sig=YQ0Nny5y8GYQrtlKHgzbJwQekQ0&hl=en&sa=X&ei=WPgSUfm0D8qQqgHj3IDwDQ&ved=0CDwQ6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q=serbian%20forensic%20team%20glodjane&f=false |accessdate=6 February 2013 |year=1999 |publisher= Human Rights Watch |isbn=1-56432-227-0}}</ref> Instead, the Serbian forensic team conducted the investigation themselves which caused [[Human Rights Watch]] to raise questions about the credibility of the evidence recovered.<ref name="Human Rights Watch 1999"/>
 
The thirty bodies found in the Lake Radonjić canal consisted of individuals of Serbian, Albanian and Roma ethnicity.<ref>http://balkanwitness.glypx.com/Racak-FET-summary2.htm</ref><ref>{{cite book|author=Human Rights Watch |title= World Events 1999 |url=https://books.google.com/books?id=LdWZrfsdqAEC&pg=PA311&lpg=PA311&dq=glodjane+serbian+forensic+team&source=bl&ots=UGxUiykxRN&sig=Xd8vV2TAXF0YQU08QkgTkYLX6i8&hl=en&sa=X&ei=IlMRUYeIPJLK9gTfvIH4CA&ved=0CFoQ6AEwBjgU#v=onepage&q=glodjane%20serbian%20forensic%20team&f=false |accessdate=5 February 2013}}</ref> The Trial Chamber of the [[International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia]] (ICTY) and forensic records showed that they had been killed over a period of six months from April to September 1998 during the beginning of the armed conflict in Kosovo.<ref>{{cite web | url=http://www.icty.org/case/haradinaj/4#ind |title= fourth amended indictment |publisher=U.N. |date=16 October 2007 |accessdate=6 February 2013}}</ref><ref name="Trial Chamber Judgment">{{cite web | url=http://www.icty.org/case/haradinaj/4#tjug |title= Trial Chamber Judgment |publisher=U.N. |date=3 April 2008|accessdate=6 February 2013}}</ref>
 
== AftermathПоследствия ==
After talks between Yugoslavia and the West broke down at the Rambouillet peace accords,<ref name="bbc23mar99">{{cite news|title=Nato poised to strike|date=23 March 1999|publisher=[[BBC News]]|url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/301900.stm}}</ref> [[NATO]] commenced a 78-day-long bombing campaign of Serbian military and infrastructure targets. Serb forces withdrew from Kosovo on 11 June 1999. [[Republic of Kosovo|Kosovo]] declared independence from [[Serbia]] on 17 February 2008. The declaration was met with mixed-responses from International Governments.<ref>[http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/europe/7249034.stm Kosovo MPs proclaim independence], BBC, 2008-02-17</ref>
 

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