Список ликвидированных автопроизводителей США

Материал из Википедии — свободной энциклопедии
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Это список ликвидированных автопроизводителей Соединенных Штатов. Они были ликвидированы по различным причинам, таким, как банкротство материнской компании, слияние или другая причина.

A[править | править вики-текст]

1911 Abbott-Detroit
1906 Adams-Farwell
Taylor Aerocar III
1912 ALCO
1952 Allstate
1939 American Bantam
1974 AMC Gremlin
1913 American Underslung
1932 Auburn 8-100A Custom 4-Door Sedan

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1909 Babcock
1919 Briscoe Model B 4/24 Touring
1912 Brush Runabout

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1919 Chandler Light Weight Model 19 Touring
Checker Taxi
Columbia Mark III Phaeton
1930 Cord L-29

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1939 De Soto Series S-6 Custom De Luxe 4-Door Sedan
1930 Duesenberg J Walker Legrande Torpedo Phaeton
Du Pont Motors
Duryea automobile

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1995 Eagle Talon
1904 Eldredge Runabout
1912 E.M.F. Model 30 Roadster

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Fiberfab FT Bonito
1925 Flint B-40 Touring

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Geo Prizm
1932 Graham Blue Streak 4-Door Sedan

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1916 Haynes
1937 Hudson Custom Eight
1929 Hupmobile Series M De Luxe Century Opera Coupe

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1911 International Harvester
1978 International Harvester Scout II

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A 1928 Jordan Sedan

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1954 Kaiser Darrin
The 1914 Keystone

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1921 LaFayette Four-Door Coupe
1938 La Salle Series Coupe
1919 Lexington Model R-19

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1929 Marmon Series 8-69 4-Door Sedan
1916 Mercer 22/72 Touring
Moon Roadster 6-40

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1946 Nash 4-Door Sedan

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1957 Oldsmobile Super 88
1910 Overland Model 38 Roadster

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1951 Packard 250 convertible
1966 Plymouth Barracuda
1910 Pope-Waverley coupe

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  • Queen (1904–1907)
  • Quick (1899–1900)
  • Quinby (1899)

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1906 REO Runabout
1929 Roosevelt 4-Door Sedan
A Royal Tourist

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1904 Searchmont 10 HP Type VI 4-passenger Rear-entrance Tonneau
The Smith Flyer
1923 Stanley Steam Car
1935 Stout Scarab
1916 Studebaker Touring
1927 Stutz Vertical Eight AA Limousine

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1938 Terraplane sedan
A 1948 Tucker Sedan

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1920 Velie Model 34 Touring

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1905 White
1920 Willys-Knight
1908 Winton

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Примечания[править | править вики-текст]

  1. Abbotts were built in Cleveland. Clymer, Floyd. Treasury of Early American Automobiles, 1877–1925 (New York: Bonanza Books, 1950), p.190.
  2. Steam Cars, 1770–1970, pg. 215–221 (St. Martin's Press, 1971)
  3. This car was built in Chicago and was totally unrelated to the Kauffman. Clymer, p.205; Kimes 1985, С. 19
  4. Clymer, p.205; Kimes 1985, С. 18
  5. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 Clymer, p.205.
  6. Flory, J. "Kelly", Jr. American Cars 1946–1959 (Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Coy, 2008), p.1016.
  7. Built in New York City. Clymer, p.178.
  8. 1 2 Built in Cleveland.Clymer, pp.190 & 205.
  9. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Clymer, p.170.
  10. Clymer, p.31.
  11. Clymer, p.205; Kimes 1985, С. 19
  12. Built in St. Louis by the beer company. Clymer, p.170-1.
  13. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 Flory, p.1016.
  14. Clymer, p.23 & 205.
  15. Front-wheel drive, built in New York City; allegedly the first FWD car. Clymer, pp.178 & 205.
  16. King-Remick
  17. Distinct from Babcock Electric. Clymer, p.205.
  18. Built in Wisconsin. Clymer, pp.153 & 205.
  19. Builder of cars and trucks in Cleveland. Clymer, pp.190 & 205.
  20. Distinct from American Bantam and the bird. Clymer, p.170.
  21. Sold an electric tricycle before 1916. Clymer, pp.38 & 205.
  22. Built in York, Pennsylvania. Clymer, p.193.
  23. Distinct from the other three. Clymer, p.205.
  24. Built in Cleveland. Clymer, pp.190.
  25. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 Clymer, p.23.
  26. 1 2 3 4 Clymer, p.170-1.
  27. A six-wheeler "motorcycle", built by Detroit artist & engineer James Scripps Booth. Clymer, p.115.
  28. Clymer, pp. 5, 61, & 205.
  29. Distinct from the British brand. Flory, p.1016.
  30. Smith Flyer
  31. 1 2 3 Kimes 1985, С. 138
  32. http://earlyamericanautomobiles.com/1903.htm earlyamericanautomobiles/1903
  33. Cars and trucks, built in Cleveland. Clymer, pp.190 & 205.
  34. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 Clymer, p.206.
  35. Automobiles built in Anderson, Indiana. Clymer, pp.5 & 190.
  36. Built in Chicago. Clymer, p.178.
  37. Made in St. Louis, Missouri Clymer, p.206.
  38. Clymer, pp.16, 170, & 206.
  39. 1 2 One of three companies by this name. Clymer, pp.23 & 206.
  40. Distinct from Carhartt. Clymer, p.206.
  41. Distinct from Carrol. Clymer,p.206.
  42. 1 2 Kimes 1985, С. 929
  43. Distinct from Cartercar. Clymer, p.206.
  44. Built in Racine, Wisconsin. Clymer, p.153.
  45. Distinct from the Chevy. Clymer, p.206.
  46. built in Chicago, Ill. Kimes 1985, С. 252
  47. Offered vehicles with electric, steam, or gasoline engines.
  48. Clymer, pp.22 & 178.
  49. Distinct from the three gasoline companies, and from Chicago. Clymer, p.206.
  50. Distinct from the three gasoline companies, and from Chicago Electric. Clymer, p.206.
  51. Founded by J. Walter Christie. Clymer, p.206.
  52. Or Clarksmobile. Clymer, pp.25 & 206.
  53. One of two companies by this name. Clymer, p.23.
  54. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 Built in Cleveland. Clymer, p.190.
  55. Built in Little Rock, Arkansas. Clymer, p.178.
  56. 1 2 3 Kimes 1985, С. 331
  57. Clipper Division, Studebaker-Packard Corp.; Packard, A History of the Motor Car and the Company (General edition), Beverly Rae Kimes, editor (1978), Automobile Quarterly", ISBN 0-915038-11-0"
  58. Triumph an Tragedy: The Last Real Packards by Richard M. Langworth, in Collectible Automobile, September, 1984 issue; p. 6-25; (ISSN 0742-812X)
  59. Built in St. Louis, Missouri. Clymer, p.178.
  60. Built in Denver, copied from the contemporary Renault. Clymer, p.87.
  61. Founded by J. J. Cole, built in Indianapolis. Clymer, p.104.
  62. Built in Yonkers, New York. Clymer, p.63.
  63. 1 2 One of two companies by this name. Clymer, p.206.
  64. Distinct from Columbia Electric. Clymer, p.206.
  65. Built at 564 Dublin Avenue; Columbus, Ohio. Clymer, p.145.
  66. Distinct from the Mercury. Clymer, p.206.
  67. Built in Plymouth, Ohio, friction transmission, dual chain drive, 1000-6000 lb payload or 9–20 seats. Clymer, p.67.
  68. built in Minneapolis, Minn. & Chicago, Ill. Kimes 1985, С. 357
  69. Formerly Vaughn; builder of the Gas-au-lec, based in Peabody, Massachusetts. Clymer, p.158.
  70. Distinct from the Nash. Clymer, p.206.
  71. Distinct from Crane & Breed. Clymer, p.206.
  72. Clymer, pp.170 & 206.
  73. Built in Ohio and Pennsylvania. Clymer, pp.190 & 206.
  74. Distinct from the Clan Crusader. Clymer, p.5.
  75. Distinct from the racers. Clymer, p.206.
  76. One of two companies by this name. Clymer, pp.158 & 206.
  77. Named for the horse, built in Minneapolis. Clymer, p.178.
  78. Built in St. Louis, Missouri. Clymer, p.93.
  79. 1 2 Clymer, pp.5 & 206.
  80. Clymer, p.170
  81. Kimes(1985), p. 403
  82. Kimes(1985), p. 403–404
  83. 1 2 3 Kimes(1985), p. 404
  84. Kimes(1985), p. 404–405
  85. Kimes(1985), p. 405
  86. Kimes(1985), p. 405–406
  87. Kimes(1985), p. 406
  88. Distinct from the tractor. Clymer, p.206.
  89. Built in Cleveland. Clymer, pp.190 & 206.
  90. Built in Auburn, Indiana. Distinct from DeSoto. Clymer, p.178.
  91. Distinct from DeSoto. Clymer, p.178.
  92. Offered an electric phaeton before 1916. Clymer, pp.38 & 205.
  93. Distinct from Diamond T. Clymer, p.206.
  94. Clymer, p.206. Tourist was a model.
  95. 1 2 3 4 Clymer, p.5.
  96. Clymer, p.206. By Alberto Santos-Dumont
  97. Clymer, p.206. Founder was later the author of Dyke's Automobile and Gasoline Engine Encyclopedia.
  98. Conceived by Buckminster Fuller.
  99. Built in Wisconsin, distinct from the Michigan company. Clymer, p.153.
  100. Steam and electric cars, built in Cleveland. Clymer, p.190.
  101. Clymer, p.206. No connection to Eaton's.
  102. Distinct from either of the two Economys. Clymer, p.206.
  103. Clymer, p.38.
  104. Clymer, p.206. No connection to Electric Launch Company.
  105. Clymer, p.207. Distinct from Elite. Misspelling of Elmore??
  106. Clymer, pp.23 & 207. Distinct from Elite.
  107. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 Clymer, p.207.
  108. 1 2 Clymer, p.8.
  109. 1 2 3 4 5 Horseless Age 1895.
  110. Clymer, p.170-1 & 207.
  111. Built in Cincinnati, Ohio. Clymer, p.104.
  112. Later Halladay or Streator, eventually Barley. Clymer, p.207.
  113. Car and truck maker, based in Cleveland. Clymer, p.190.
  114. Built in Chicago. Clymer, p.104.
  115. Clymer, p.207. Not to be confused with the Fords.
  116. Built in Newark, Ohio by Halladay
  117. Built in Lewistown, Pennsylvania by Moller
  118. Distinct from Federal steam automobile company. Clymer, p.207.
  119. Clymer, p.207. Not to be confused with the header maker.
  120. Early American Automobiles 1904 Models
  121. http://www.northfield.org/files/REGuide031908.pdf
  122. Built in Cheboygan, Michigan, it weighed 900 pd and cost US$450. Clymer, p.166.
  123. Distinct from the other one. Clymer, p.207.
  124. An electric car. Clymer, p.40.
  125. 1 2 One of three companies by this name. Clymer, p.207.
  126. Built in Massillon, Ohio; called their car the Jewel. Clymer, p.63.
  127. 1 2 Kimes 1985, С. 1289
  128. Clymer, p.16.
  129. Built in Clintonville, Wisconsin, with four-wheel drive. Clymer, p.153.
  130. 1 2 Cars and trucks, built in Cleveland. Clymer, p.190.
  131. Clymer, p.51.
  132. Distinct from the steamer. Clymer, p.207.
  133. Made by the multinational as experimental models.
  134. Clymer, p.207. Distinct from the multinational
  135. Gasoline and steam. Clymer, pp.23 & 190.
  136. Flory, p.1016, credits them only for 1950.
  137. Supposedly from Atlanta, Georgia. Clymer, p.207.
  138. Cars and trucks, built in Cleveland 1916–1922. Clymer, p.190.
  139. 1 2 Clymer, p.178.
  140. Clymer, pp.14 & 22.
  141. 1 2 Kimes 1985, С. 1447
  142. One of two companies by this name. Clymer, p.207.
  143. Truck maker, based in Cleveland. Clymer, p.190.
  144. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 Based in Cleveland. Clymer, p.190.
  145. Clymer, pp.170 & 190.
  146. No relation to the school. Clymer, p.170.
  147. Clymer, p.207
  148. Kimes 1985, С. 652,761
  149. Distinct from Hatfield Motor Vehicle Company and Hatfield Company (truck manufacturer). Kimes 1985, С. 682
  150. An aircooled, built in Wisconsin, sold for US$2000. Clymer, p.23.
  151. Clymer, p.112.
  152. Clymer, p.207. Distinct from Hewitt-Lindstrom.
  153. Steam and gasoline, based in Cleveland. Clymer, pp.23 & 190.
  154. Clymer, p.207. Distinct from the Australian company.
  155. Clymer, p.207. Distinct from Holley.
  156. Clymer, pp.170-1 & 207.
  157. 1 2 Clymer, pp.23 & 207.
  158. 1 2 Clymer, pp.5 & 23.
  159. Clymer, pp.170 & 207.
  160. no relation with Jackson car. Kimes 1985, С. 742
  161. В Бостоне. Kimes 1985, pp. 769, 1407
  162. 1 2 In New York City. Kimes 1985, С. 769
  163. Clymer, p.207; Kimes 1985, С. 769
  164. In Toledo, Ohio. Clymer, p.23; Kimes 1985, С. 769
  165. In Buffalo, New York. Kimes 1985, С. 769
  166. 1 2 Clymer, pp.18 & 23.
  167. Built in Wisconsin. Clymer, pp.23 & 153.
  168. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 Clymer, p.208.
  169. Clymer, p.208. Not to be confused with this one.
  170. Also sold commercial vans of 1, 2, 3, & 6 tons. Clymer, p.53.
  171. Clymer, p.131.
  172. One of three companies by this name. Clymer, p.208.
  173. Kimes 1985, С. 769
  174. Flory, pp.1011–12.
  175. Kimes 1985, С. 774
  176. Based in Toledo, Ohio. Clymer, p.158.
  177. Kimes 1985, С. 782
  178. 1 2 3 Built in Wisconsin. Clymer, p.153.
  179. Clymer, p.208. Electrette was a model.
  180. Clymer, p.208. Distinct from LaSalle.
  181. Distinct from Lewis Motocycle. Clymer, p.208.
  182. A four-wheeler, despite the name. Clymer, p.8.
  183. Kimes 1985, С. 828
  184. Kimes 1985, С. 635
  185. Before 1912, the cars were called Sears. Clymer, p.90.
  186. Kimes 1985, pp. 859–860
  187. 1 2 Kimes 1975, С. 1004
  188. began with steam autos
  189. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Clymer, p.22.
  190. Standard Catalogue of American Cars, p.890
  191. 1 2 Based in Cleveland. Clymer, pp.190 & 208.
  192. Clymer, p.23. Distinct from Mason (automobile company).
  193. Clymer, p.208. Distinct from Mason (steam automobile company).
  194. Truck maker, Based in Cleveland. Clymer, p.190.
  195. Built in Waterloo, Iowa. Clymer, p.93.
  196. Clymer, p.84.
  197. Distinct from the Ford division. Clymer, p.23.
  198. Built in Wisconsin by Joe Merkel, who later built the Merkel Motorcycle. Clymer, p.153.
  199. Distinct from the gas car and the Ford division. Clymer, p.23.
  200. Distinct from the steamer and the Ford division. Clymer, p.23.
  201. Clymer, p.208. Distinct from the Nash
  202. Built in Waltham, Massachusetts. Clymer, p.145.
  203. Built in Moline, Illinois. Clymer, p.93.
  204. Built in Racine, Wisconsin. Clymer, pp.36 & 153.
  205. Clymer, p.57.
  206. Clymer, p.208. One of two companies by this name, distinct from Moline-Knight.
  207. Clymer, p.190.
  208. Clymer, p.208. Not to be confused with Moggie.
  209. Clymer, pp.22 & 208.
  210. Lewis, Mary Beth. "Ten Best First Facts", in Car and Driver, 1/88, p.92.
  211. Flory, p.1016, dates it to 1950.
  212. Built in Traverse City, Michigan. Clymer, pp.170 & 178.
  213. Not to be confused with the producers of the Ruxton.
  214. Clymer, pp.170-1 & 208.
  215. Often misspelled as Neilson (Clymer, p.208)
  216. 1 2 3 Kimes 1975, С. 1003
  217. Clymer, p.208. Not to be confused with the motorcycle.
  218. Kimes 1975, С. 1005
  219. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 Clymer, p.209.
  220. Built in Milwaukee. Clymer, p.153.
  221. Catalog of American Cars 1805–1945 (1985), p.1013
  222. Clymer, pp.170 & 209.
  223. Based in Cleveland. Same as Ottoker? Clymer, pp.190 & 209.
  224. Based in Cleveland. Distinct from Owen Magnetic. Clymer, pp.190 & 209.
  225. built in Salem, Mass.; 1 gasoline & 2 electric cars Kimes 1985, С. 1063
  226. Built in Indianapolis, Indiana. Clymer, p.102.
  227. Built in Chicago. Clymer, p.151.
  228. 1 2 Standard Catalogue of American Cars, p.1125
  229. Clymer, p.42.
  230. 1 2 3 Standard Catalogue of American Cars, p.1126
  231. Clymer, pp.6 & 153.
  232. Cars and trucks, built in Cleveland. Clymer, pp.5, 178, & 190.
  233. Friction-drive, built in Wisconsin. Clymer, p.153.
  234. Auto Katalog 1982 / Freund, Klaus. — Stuttgart: Vereinigte Motor-Verlage GmbH & Co. KG, 1981. — Vol. 25. — P. 165.
  235. 1 2 Based in Cleveland.Clymer, pp.190 & 209.
  236. Clymer, p.209. Distinct from the GM division.
  237. Clymer, pp.13 & 23.
  238. Clymer, p.209. Distinct from Porter Motor Company.
  239. Flory, p.1016. Distinct from Powell Manufacturing Company?
  240. Clymer, p.209. Distinct from Randall (automobile company).
  241. Distinct from the pickup. Clymer, p.209.
  242. Cars & trucks, based in Cleveland. Clymer, p.190.
  243. Clymer, p.149.
  244. Clymer, p.209. Distinct from Reading Steamer.
  245. Clymer, p.209. Said to be the cheapest car ever built.
  246. Producer of four-axle Octoauto and twin rear axle Sextoauto in Columbus, Indiana. Clymer, p.122–4.
  247. 1 2 Clymer, pp.23 & 209.
  248. 1895 car produced by Remington Arms Company. Clymer, p.209.
  249. Ошибка в сносках?: Неверный тег <ref>; для сносок Clymer,_p.170–1 не указан текст
  250. Clymer, pp.22 & 209.
  251. Clymer, p.209. Distinct from Rogers (steam automobile company) and Rogers (automobile company).
  252. Clymer, p.209. Distinct from Rogers Steamobile (automobile company). One of three companies by this name. Clymer, p.209.
  253. Rolls Royce
  254. From Kansas City, Missouri, supposedly front-wheel drive. Clymer, p.209.
  255. Royal Princess was the gasoline-powered car.
  256. A tricycle. Clymer, p.8.
  257. Clymer, p.209. Same as Dumont (automobile company) By Alberto Santos-Dumont?
  258. Clymer, p.209. By Henry Segrave?
  259. Keystone
  260. Clymer, p.25.
  261. Clymer, pp.90 & 209.
  262. Clymer, p.209. Distinct from the Chrysler.
  263. Built in Buffalo, New York. Clymer, p.5.
  264. Built by William H. Sharp , who called it the Arrow. Clymer, p.88.
  265. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 Clymer, p.210.
  266. Distinct from Spencer (steam automobile company). Clymer, p.210.
  267. Distinct from Spencer (automobile company). Clymer, pp.23 & 210.
  268. One of two companies with this name. Clymer, p.210.
  269. 1 2 Distinct from Stanley Motor Carriage Company. Clymer, p.210.
  270. Clymer, p.210. Distinct from Stearns (automobile).
  271. One of three companies by this name. Clymer, p.210.
  272. One of three companies by this name. Clymer, pp.23 & 210.
  273. Clymer, p.8. Not to be confused with the Jag.
  274. Flory, p.1016. Fitting Cadillac V8s into Studebakers was common in the '50s, under the nickname Studillac, as well as into Fords as Fordillacs; it appears Flory has mistaken it.
  275. Clymer, pp.38 & 210.
  276. Clymer, p.210. Not to be confused with the Dodge, Plymouth, Studebaker, Nash Motors, Chevrolet, or GMC.
  277. Clymer, p.210. Not to be confused with Summit Racing Equipment.
  278. Clymer,p.52.
  279. Clymer, p.190, locates them in Cleveland.
  280. Clymer, pp.170 & 210.
  281. Kimes 1985, pp. 1417–1419
  282. Kimes 1985, С. 1422
  283. Kimes 1985, pp. 1423–1424
  284. Clymer, p.22; Kimes 1985, pp. 769, 1472
  285. Clymer, p.210. Not to be confused with the sportscar or the motorcycle.
  286. Distinct from Victor (steam automobile company). Clymer, p.210.
  287. Clymer, pp.23. Distinct from Victor (automobile company).
  288. Kimes, Beverly R. (editor), and Clark, Henry A. The Standard Catalog of American Cars 1805–1945. Krause Publications, 1985. ISBN 0-87341-045-9. p 1455
  289. Built in Painesville, Ohio. Clymer, p.135.
  290. Detroit-based builder of "generic" cars without badges so dealers could badge them as desired. Clymer, p.146.
  291. Clymer, p.210. Distinct from Ward (electric automobile company)
  292. Clymer, p.210. Distinct from Ward (automobile company)
  293. Kimes 1985, С. 1491
  294. Built by Reo.
  295. Kimes 1985, С. 1519
  296. 1 2 Kimes 1985, С. 1521
  297. 1 2 Kimes(1985), p. 1524

Литература[править | править вики-текст]

  • Automobile Quarterly (eds.). The American Car Since 1775. Kutztown, PA: Automobile Quarterly, Inc., 1971. ISBN 0-525-05300-X
  • Clymer, Floyd. Treasury of Early American Automobiles, 1877–1925. New York: Bonanza Books, 1950.
  • Georgano, Nick (Ed.). The Beaulieu Encyclopedia of the Automobile. Chicago: Fitzroy Dearborn, 2000. ISBN 1-57958-293-1
  • Kimes, Beverly R. (editor), and Clark, Henry A. The Standard Catalog of American Cars 1805–1945. Krause Publications, 1975. ISBN 0-87341-111-0
  • Kimes, Beverly R. (editor), and Clark, Henry A. The Standard Catalog of American Cars 1805–1945. Krause Publications, 1985. ISBN 0-87341-045-9
  • Kimes, Beverly Rae, and Clark, Henry Austin, Jr. The Standard Catalog of American Cars 1805–1942 (3rd edition). Iola, WI: Krause, 1996. ISBN 0-87341-428-4