Timely Comics

Материал из Википедии — свободной энциклопедии
Перейти к навигации Перейти к поиску
Timely Comics
Основание 1939
Упразднена 1950
Причина упразднения Re-branded as Atlas Comics
Преемник Atlas Comics
Основатели Мартин Гудмен[d]
Расположение Manhattan, New York City
Ключевые фигуры Martin Goodman
Отрасль Publishing
Продукция Comic books, magazine
Сайт marvel.com

Timely Comics — общее название для группы корпораций, которая поспособствовала созданию книги комиксов американского издателя Мартина Гудмена. В 1960-х компания Timely Comics была переименована в Marvel Comics

Основанная в 1939 году, в эпоху, называемую золотым веком комиксов, «Timely» было названием для подразделения в Pulp-журналах под редакторством Гудмана, чья бизнес-стратегия подразумевала наличие множества корпоративных структур, выпускающих одинаковую продукцию. Компания была основана в 1939 году как Timely Publications, на основе его существующей компании в Эмпайр-стейт-билдинг, где она и оставалась до 1951 года. В 2016 году компания Marvel объявила о том, что Timely Comics будет названием серии новых недорогих комиксов.

Создание[править | править код]

В 1939, с появляющейся популярностью в среде комиксов, и первыми трендовыми супергероями, издатель массового журнала Мартин Гудмен открыл Timely Publications, на основе его уже существующей компании в здании McGraw-Hill в Нью-Йорке. Гудмен был главным редактором и управляющим делами, с Абрахамом Гудменом, формально записанным как издатель — законтрактованный с недавно сформированным «снабженцем» комиксов Funnies, Inc., для поставки материала.

Его первая попытка, Marvel Comics № 1 (октябрь 1939), показала первые появления супергероя от писателя-художника Карла Бергоса — Человека-Факела и Пола Гастэвсона — детектива по прозвищу Ангел. Также, в комиксе содержалось первое изданное появление антигероя — Нэмора (Подводник), созданного для неопубликованной раздачи комикса Motion Picture Funnies Weekly, с оригинальной историей на восемь страниц.

Золотой век комиксов[править | править код]

Marvel Comics был повторно окрещён Marvel Mystery Comics выпуск № 2 (декабрь 1939); журнал продолжился с этим названием до № 92 (июнь 1949) прежде, чем стать Marvel Tales после № 159 (август 1957). Timely начал издавать дополнительные серии, начиная с Daring Mystery Comics № 1 (январь 1940), Mystic Comics № 1 (март 1940), Red Raven Comics № 1 (август 1940), The Human Torch № 2, и Captain America Comics № 1 (март 1941). Поступив в продажу в декабре 1940, за год до бомбардировки Перл-Харбора и уже показав героя, ударяющего Гитлера кулаком, почти 1 миллион копий первой части были проданы.

Время после Timely[править | править код]

Точная конечная точка Золотого века комиксов неопределенна, но для Timely настал конец, по теории, из-за отмены Captain America Comics № 75 (февраль 1950) Sub-Mariner Comics закончился под номером 32 (июнь 1949). Гудмен начал использовать эмблему земного шара Atlas News Company.

Персонажи и их создатели[править | править код]

Список персонажей, с многократными появлениями, либо исключительно в Timely Comics или в Timely и последующих компаниях Atlas Comics и Marvel Comics.

Персонаж Дебют Повторное введение

(наше время)

Создатель
American Ace Marvel Mystery Comics #2 All-Winners Squad: Band of Heroes #4 (Nov. 2011) Paul J. Lauretta (penciler). Writer unknown.[1]
Angel Marvel Comics #1 (Nov. 1939) The Avengers #97 (March 1972);[2]

U.S. Agent #3 (Aug. 1993)

Paul Gustavson (artist). Writer unknown.[3][4]
Archie the Gruesome Comedy Comics #10 (Jun. 1942) All-Winners Squad: Band of Heroes #1 (Aug. 2011)
Black Marvel Mystic Comics #5 (March 1941) Slingers #1 (Dec. 1998) Al Gabriele (penciller-inker). Writer unknown but not Stan Lee as often mis-credited.[5]
Black Widow Mystic Comics #4 (Aug. 1940) Marvels #1 (Jan. 1994) George Kapitan (writer), Harry Sahle (penciller)[6]
Blazing Skull Mystic Comics #5 (March 1941) The Avengers #97 (March 1972); Invaders #2 (1993) Bob Davis (writer-penciler)[7]
Blonde Phantom All Select Comics #11 (Fall 1946) The Sensational She-Hulk #4 (July 1989) Stan Lee (writer), Syd Shores (penciller)[8]
Blue Blade U.S.A. Comics #5 (Summer 1942) The Twelve #1 (March 2008) Unknown writer and artist.[9]
Blue Blaze Mystic Comics #1 (March 1940) Harry Douglas (writer-penciler), signed «Harry / Douglas», leading to numerous theories of two creators or other pseudonym situations which have proven incorrect.[10]
Bucky Barnes Captain America Comics #1 (March 1941) As Winter Soldier:

Captain America vol. 5, #1 (Jan. 2005)

Joe Simon (writer), Jack Kirby (penciller)[11]
Blue Diamond Daring Mystery Comics #7 (April 1941) Marvel Premiere #29 (April 1976) Ben Thompson (penciller). Unknown writer.[12]
Captain America Captain America Comics #1 (March 1941) The Avengers #4 (March 1964) Joe Simon (writer), Jack Kirby (penciller)
Captain Terror U.S.A. Comics #2 (Nov. 1941) Captain America #442 (Aug. 1995) Mike Suchorsky (penciller). Unknown writer.[13]
Captain Wonder Kid Komics #1 (Feb. 1943) The Twelve #1 (March 2008) Otto Binder (writer), Frank Giacoia (penciller)[14]
Challenger Daring Mystery Comics #7 (April 1941) Marvel Knights Spider-Man #9 (Feb. 2005) Charles Nicholas (penciller). Unknown writer.[15]
Citizen V Daring Mystery Comics #8 (Jan. 1942) Thunderbolts −1 (July 1997) Ben Thompson (penciler, as «Tom Benson»). Unknown writer.[16]
Comet Pierce Red Raven Comics #1 (Aug. 1940) Jack Kirby (writer-artist)[17]
Davey Drew (Davey and the Demon) Mystic Comics #7 (1941) All-Winners Squad: Band of Heroes #3 (Oct. 2011) Howard James
Defender U.S.A. Comics #1 (1941) Daredevil #66 (Dec. 2004) Joe Simon and Jack Kirby (writers). Penciler uncertain[18]
Destroyer Mystic Comics #6 (Oct. 1941) Invaders #26 (March 1978) Stan Lee (writer), Jack Binder (penciler)
Dynamic Man Mystic Comics #1 (1940) The Twelve #1 (March 2008) Daniel Peters
Electro Marvel Mystery #4 (Feb. 1940) The Twelve #1 (March 2008) Steve Dahlman (writer-penciler)
Falcon Human Torch Comics #2 (Fall 1940) Marvel Knights Spider-Man #9 (Feb. 2005) Carl Burgos (writer — artist)
Father Time Captain America Comics #6 (Sep. 1941) All-Winners Squad: Band of Heroes #2 (Sep. 2011) Stan Lee (writer)
Ferret Marvel Mystery Comics #4 (Feb. 1940) The Marvels Project #3 (Dec. 2009)
Fiery Mask Daring Mystery Comics #1 (Jan. 1940) The Twelve #1 (March 2008) Joe Simon (writer-penciller)[19]
Fighting Yank Captain America Comics #17 (Aug. 1942) All-Winners Squad: Band of Heroes #2 (Sep. 2011)
Fin Daring Mystery Comics #7 (April 1941) The Avengers #97 (March 1972); Invaders #5 (March 1976) Bill Everett (writer-penciller)
Flash Foster Daring Mystery Comics #1 (Jan. 1940) All-Winners Squad: Band of Heroes #1 (Aug. 2011)
Flexo the Rubber Man

(Rubber robot, not stretching hero)

Mystic Comics #1 (April 1940) Jack Binder (penciller). Unknown writer
Human Torch Marvel Comics #1 (Oct. 1939) Fantastic Four Annual #4 (Nov. 1966) Carl Burgos (writer-penciller)
Hurricane[20] Captain America Comics #1 (March 1941) Marvel Universe #7 (Dec. 1998) Jack Kirby and Joe Simon (writers), Jack Kirby (penciler)
Invisible Man Mystic Comics #2 (Apr. 1940) All-Winners Squad: Band of Heroes #1 (Aug. 2011)
Jack Frost U.S.A. Comics #1 (Aug. 1941) Marvel Premiere #29 (April 1976) Stan Lee (writer), Charles Nicholas (penciler)
Jap Buster Johnson U.S.A Comics #6 (Dec. 1942) All-Winners Squad: Band of Heroes #2 (Sept. 2011)
Jimmy Jupiter Marvel Mystery Comics #28 (Feb. 1942) Captain America #1 (Sept. 2011)
John Steele Daring Mystery Comics #1 The Marvels Project #1 (Oct. 2009) Larry Antonette (writer and, as «Dean Carr», penciler)
Laughing Mask Daring Mystery Comics #2 The Twelve #1 (March 2008) Will Harr (writer), Maurice Gutwirth (penciler)[21]
Major Liberty U.S.A. Comics #1 (Aug. 1941)
Marvel Boy (first) Daring Mystery Comics #6 (Sept. 1940) Jack Kirby (penciller), Joe Simon and Al Avison (inkers)
Marvel Boy (second) U.S.A. Comics #7 (Feb. 1943) Fantastic Four #165 (Dec. 1975) Bob Oksner (writer-penciller-inker)
Marvex the Super-Robot Daring Mystery Comics #3 (April 1940) All Select Comics 70th Anniversary Special #1 (Sept. 2009) Unknown writer and penciler from the Harry «A» Chesler studio[22]
Master Mind Excello Mystic Comics #2 The Twelve #1 (March 2008)
Mercury Red Raven Comics #1 (Aug. 1940) Marvel Universe #7 (Dec. 1998)
Merzah the Mystic Mystic Comics #4 (Aug. 1940) All-Winners Squad: Band of Heroes #1 (Aug. 2011)
Miss America Marvel Mystery Comics #49 (Nov. 1943) Giant-Size Avengers #1 (Aug. 1974) Otto Binder (writer), Al Gabriele (penciller)
Miss Patriot Marvel Mystery Comics #29 (Mar. 1942) (as Mary Morgan); Marvel Mystery Comics #50 (Dec. 1943) (as Miss Patriot) Captain America: Patriot #1 (Nov. 2010)
Mister E Daring Mystery Comics #2 The Twelve #1 (March 2008)
Monako the Magician Daring Mystery Comics #1 The Marvels Project #1 (Oct. 2009)
Moon Man Mystic Comics #5 All-Winners Squad: Band of Heroes #2 (Sep. 2011)
Namora Marvel Mystery Comics #82 (May 1947) Sub-Mariner #33 (January 1971) Ken Bald (writer), Syd Shores (artist)
Nellie the Nurse Stan Lee (writer),
Patriot Human Torch Comics #4 (Spring 1941) The Avengers #97 (March 1972); The Invaders #5 (March 1976) Ray Gill (writer), Bill Everett or George Mandel (penciler)[23]
Patsy Walker Miss America Magazine #2 (Nov. 1944) The Avengers #144 (Feb. 1976) Otto Binder (writer), Ruth Atkinson (artist)
Phantom Bullet Daring Comics #2 (Feb. 1940) The Marvels Project #2 (Nov. 2009)
Phantom Reporter Daring Mystery Comics #3 The Twelve #1 (March 2008)
Red Raven Red Raven Comics #1 (Aug. 1940) X-Men #44 (May 1968) Joe Simon (writer), Louis Cazeneuve (penciller)
Rockman U.S.A. Comics #1 (Aug. 1941) The Twelve #1 (March 2008)
Silver Scorpion Daring Mystery Comics #7 (Jan. 1941) Invaders #2 (June 1993) Henry Sahle
Slow-Motion Jones U.S.A. Comics #6 (Dec. 1942) All-Winners Squad: Band of Heroes #1 (Aug. 2011)
Sub-Mariner Marvel Comics #1 (Nov. 1939) Fantastic Four #4 (May 1962) Bill Everett (writer-penciller-inker)
Sun Girl Sun Girl #1 (Aug. 1948) Ken Bald
Taxi Taylor Mystic Comics #2 (Apr. 1940) All-Winners Squad: Band of Heroes #1 (Aug. 2011)
Terror Mystic Comics #5 (March 1941) Sensational She-Hulk #15 (May 1990) Phil Sturm (writer); Syd Shores (penciler). George Klein may have added background pencils, but that would not be a creator role.[24]
Thin Man Mystic Comics #4 (July 1940) Marvel Premiere #29 (April 1976) Klaus Nordling (penciller-inker)
Thunderer Daring Mystery Comics #7 (April 1941) Marvel Premiere #29 (April 1976)
Toro Human Torch Comics #2 (1940) Sub-Mariner #14 (1969) Carl Burgos
Vagabond U.S.A. Comics #2 (Nov. 1941) All-Winners Squad: Band of Heroes #3 (Oct. 2011)
Venus Venus #1 (Aug. 1948) Sub-Mariner #57 (1973) Ken Bald (first artist)
Vision Marvel Mystery Comics #13 (Nov. 1940) The Avengers #97 (March 1972) Jack Kirby & Joe Simon (writers); Jack Kirby (penciller-inker)[25]
Whizzer U.S.A. Comics #1 (Aug. 1941) Giant-Size Avengers #1 (Aug. 1974) Al Avison (penciller), Al Gabriele (inker). Writer unknown.
The Witness Mystic Comics #6 (Dec. 1941) The Twelve #1 (March 2008) Stan Lee (writer)[26]
Young Allies Young Allies Comics #1 (July 1941) Young Allies Comics 70th Anniversary Special (2009) Jack Kirby (penciller), Syd Shores (inker)
Young Avenger U.S.A. Comics #1 (Aug. 1941) All-Winners Squad: Band of Heroes #1 (Aug. 2011)
Victory Boys U.S.A. Comics #5 (Summer 1942) All-Winners Squad: Band of Heroes #1 (Aug. 2011)

Список литературы[править | править код]

  1. Marvel Mystery Comics #2 at the Grand Comics Database.
  2. Simulacrum only
  3. Bails, Jerry Who's Who of American Comic Books 1928–1999: Paul Gustavson. Проверено 14 апреля 2013.
  4. The writer-creator credit is unconfirmed. Historian Don Markstein in the character’s entry at Don Markstein’s Toonopedia (Archived from the original on April 4, 2012) writes, «The character was created by cartoonist Paul Gustavson, who wrote and drew his first adventure as well as many later ones.» The Grand Comics Database's entry for Marvel Comics #1 gives credit as «Ray Gill ?»
  5. Mystic Comics #5 at the Grand Comics Database.
  6. Mystic Comics #4 at the Grand Comics Database.
  7. Mystic Comics #5 at the Grand Comics Database.
  8. All Select Comics #11 at the Grand Comics Database.
  9. USA Comics #5 at the Grand Comics Database.
  10. Mystic Comics #1 at the Grand Comics Database.
  11. Captain America Comics #1 at the Grand Comics Database.
  12. Daring Mystery Comics #7 t the Grand Comics Database.
  13. U.S.A. Comics #2 at the Grand Comics Database.
  14. Kid Komics #1 at the Grand Comics Database.
  15. Daring Mystery Comics #7 at the Grand Comics Database.
  16. Daring Mystery Comics #8 at the Grand Comics Database.
  17. Bails, Jerry Who's Who of American Comic Books 1928–1999: Jack Kirby. Проверено 14 апреля 2013.
  18. USA Comics #1 at the Grand Comics Database. RE: Defender, source notes Joe Simon and Jack Kirby as writers, «Pencils: Joe Simon (looming image); Al Avison ?; Al Gabriele ?»
  19. Daring Mystery Comics #1 at the Grand Comics Database.
  20. In 1998, the Hurricane and Mercury were revealed in retcon to be the same character, the Eternal named Makkari.
  21. Daring Mystery Comics #2 at the Grand Comics Database.
  22. Daring Mystery Comics #3 at the Grand Comics Database.
  23. The Human Torch #4 (mis-numbered #3) at the Grand Comics Database, with cover blowup here. The Patriot debuted this issue with both a two-page text story by writer Ray Gill, with a spot illustration by artist Bill Everett, and a 10-page comics story by writer Gill and artist George Mandel.
  24. Mystic Comics #5 at the Grand Comics Database
  25. Theakston, Greg, at Marvel Mystery Comics #13 in the Grand Comics Database
  26. Stan Lee at the Lambiek Comiclopedia