Андриссен, Луи

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Луи Андриссен, 1983

Луи Андриссен (нидерл. Louis Andriessen; род. 6 июня 1939, Утрехт) — нидерландский композитор, историк и теоретик музыки.

Биография[править | править вики-текст]

Родился в музыкальной семье, сын композитора Хендрика Андриссена (18921981), композиторами стали также его брат и сестра. Учился в Гаагской Королевской консерватории у своего отца и Кееса ван Барена, а также в Милане и Берлине у Лучано Берио (19621965). В 1959 г. был удостоен первой премии на конкурсе композиторов «Гаудеамус».

Испытав влияние Стравинского, американских минималистов, джаза, пришёл к экспериментальной антиромантической манере, отвергающей традиционный симфонический оркестр. Работал в кино (см.:[1]). Сотрудничал с Питером Гринуэем (оперы «Роза: Смерть композитора», 1994, и «Письма Вермееру», 1999, написаны Андриссеном на его либретто), крупными нидерландскими поэтами и прозаиками — Хьюго Клаусом, Харри Мюлишем, Люсебертом, Сибреном Полетом и др.

Произведения[править | править вики-текст]

Луи Андрисен на концерте в Ванкувере, 2009
  • Nuit d'été (1957) for piano 4 hands
  • Séries (1958) for 2 pianos
  • Nocturnen (1959) (text by the composer) for 2 sopranos, orchestra
  • Trois Pièces (1961) for piano left hand
  • Ittrospezione I (1961) for piano 4 hands
  • Joli commentaire (1961) for piano 4 hands
  • Étude pour les timbres (1962) for piano
  • Triplum (1962) for guitar
  • Ittrospezione II (1963) for large orchestra
  • Registers (1963) for piano
  • Ittrospezione III (Concept II) — Fragment (1965) tenor saxophone ad libitum, 2 pianos (section of Ittrospezione III [Concept II]; may be performed separately)
  • Souvenirs d’enfance (1966) for piano
  • Anachronie I (1966-67) for large orchestra
  • The Garden of Ryoan-gi (1967) for 3 electronic organs
  • Choralvorspiele (1969) for barrel organ
  • Anachronie II (1969) for oboe, small orchestra, 1969; Hoe het is, 52 strings, live electronics
  • Reconstructie (1969) (with Reinbert de Leeuw, Misha Mengelberg, Peter Schat, Jan van Vlijmen, libretto by Hugo Claus, Harry Mulisch) Morality opera for soloists, 3 mixed choruses (4 voices each), orchestra (11 winds, 7 brass, 2 guitars, 11 keyboards, 10 strings), live electronics
  • De negen symfonieën van Beethoven (1970) for ice cream bell, orchestra
  • Spektakel (1970) for improvisational ensemble, small orchestra (12 winds, 4 horns, 6 percussion)
  • In Memoriam (1971) for tape
  • Canzone 3.Utinam (1972) (text from the Book of Job) for soprano, piano, 1962; Thanh Hoa (text by Nguyen Thay Mao), voice, piano
  • Il Duce (1973) for tape
  • Il Principe (1974) (text by Niccolo Machiavelli) for 2 mixed choruses, 8 winds, 3 horns, tuba, bass guitar, piano
  • Wals (1974) 1974 for piano
  • Symfonieën der Nederlanden (1974) for 2 or more symphonic bands (minimum 32 players)
  • De Staat (1972-74) (text by Plato) for 2 sopranos, 2 mezzo-sopranos, 4 oboes (3rd, 4th + English horn), 4 horns, 4 trumpets, 3 trombones, bass trombone, 2 harps, 2 electric guitars, 4 violas, bass guitar, 2 pianos
  • De Staat (1972-76) for 2 pianos (version of vocal work)
  • Nederland, let op uw schoonheyt (1975) for symphonic band
  • Workers Union (1975) for any loud sounding group of instruments
  • Mattheus passie (1976) (text by Louis Ferron) Music theatre work for 8 mixed voices, 2 oboes (both + English horn), Hammond organ, string quartet, double bass
  • Hoketus (1975-76) for 2 panpipes, 2 alto saxophones ad libitum, 2 bass guitars, 2 pianos, 2 electric pianos, 2 congas
  • Orpheus (1977) (text by Lodewijk de Boer) Music theatre work for 8 mixed voices, lyricon, electric guitar, bass guitar, synthesizer, percussion
  • Symphonie voor losse snaren (1978) for 12 strings
  • Laat toch vrij de straat (1978) (text by Jaap van der Merwe) for voice, piano
  • Hymne to the Memory of Darius Milhaud (1978) (version of chamber work)
  • Felicitatie (1979) for 3 trumpets
  • Mausoleum (1979 rev. 1981) (texts by Mikhail Bakunin, Arthur Arnould) for 2 high baritones, orchestra (12 brass, 2 harps, cimbalom, 2 pianos, 2 percussion, minimum 10 strings, bass guitar)
  • George Sand (1980) (text by Mia Meyer) Music theatre work for 8 mixed voices, 4 pianos
  • Un beau baiser (1980) for mixed chorus
  • De Tijd (1979-81) (text by St.Augustine of Hippo) for female chorus, percussion ensemble, orchestra (6 flutes, 2 alto flutes, 3 clarinets, contrabass clarinet, 6 trumpets, 2 harps, 2 pianos, Hammond organ, strings, 2 bass guitars)
  • Commentaar (1981) (text by Wilhelm Schon) for voice, piano
  • Ende (1981) for 2 alto recorders (1 player)
  • La voce (1981) (to a text by Cesare Pavese) for cello, voice
  • Disco (1982) violin, piano
  • Overture to Orpheus (1982) for harpsichord
  • De Snelheid (1982-83 rev. 1984) for 3 amplified ensembles
  • Y después (1983) (text by Federico Garcia Lirca) for voice, piano
  • Menuet voor Marianne (1983) for piano
  • Trepidus (1983) for piano
  • Doctor Nero (1984) Music theatre work
  • Berceuse voor Annie van Os (1985) for piano
  • De Lijn (1986) for 3 flutes
  • Dubbelspoor (1986 rev. 1994) Ballet music for piano, harpsichord, celesta, glockenspiel
  • De Materie (1984-88)(texts from the Plakkaat van Verlatinge, Nicolaes Witsen, David Gorlaeus, Hadewijch, M.H.J.Schoenmaekers, Madam van Domselaer-Middelkoop, Willem Kloos, Maria Curie, Françoise Giroud) Music theatre work for soprano, tenor, 2 female speakers, 8 amplified mixed voices, amplified orchestra (15 winds, 13 brass, harp, 2 electric guitars, 2 pianos [one + electric piano], off-stage upright piano, celesta, 2 synthesizers, 6 percussion, minimum 9 strings, bass guitar. Two of its four sections may be performed separately as concert works: [2] Hadewijch, [3] De Stijl
  • De Toren (1988, rev. 2000) for carillon
  • Nietzsche redet (1989) (text by Friedrich Nietzsche) for speaker, alto flute, English horn, clarinet, bass clarinet, bassoon, 2 violins, viola, 2 celli, double bass, 2 pianos
  • Facing Death (1990) for amplified string quartet
  • Dances (1991) (text by Joan Grant, choreography by Bianca van Dillen) For soprano, small orchestra (amplified harp, amplified piano, percussion, strings). May be performed as a concert work.
  • M is for Man, Music, Mozart (1991) (texts by the composer, Jeroen van der Linden, Peter Greenaway) for female jazz voice, flute (+ piccolo), soprano saxophone, alto saxophone, tenor saxophone, horn, 3 trumpets, 2 trombones, bass trombone, double bass, piano (TV score; may be performed as a concert work with one additional song)
  • Lacrimosa (1991) for 2 bassoons
  • Hout (1991) for tenor saxophone, electric guitar, piano, marimba (+ woodblocks)
  • Romance voor Caecilia (1991) for piano
  • Nadir en Zenit (1992) improvisations on poems by Sybren Polet for voice, piano (+ synthesizer)
  • …not being sundered (1992) (text by Rainer Maria Rilke) for soprano, flute, cello
  • Song Lines (1992) for 3-6 saxophones
  • Deuxième chorale (1992) for music box
  • The Memory of Roses (1992) for piano (+ toy piano)
  • Chorale (1992) for piano
  • M is Muziek, Monoloog en Moord(1993) (text by Lodewijk de Boer) Music theatre work
  • Lied (1993) for piano
  • Rosa: The Death of a Composer (1993-94) (libretto by Peter Greenaway) Opera for 2 sopranos, tenor, 2 baritones, female speaker, 8 mixed voices, orchestra.
  • Een lied van de zee (1994) (text by Hélène Swarth) for female voice
  • Zilver (1994) for flute, clarinet, violin, cello, piano, vibrqphone, marimba
  • Base (1994) for piano left hand
  • Odysseus’ Women (1995) (text by Homer, choreography by Beppie Blankert) for 2 sopranos, 2 altos, sampler
  • De komst van Willibrord (1995) for carillon
  • To Pauline O (1995) for oboe
  • Machmes Wos (1996) for voice, piano
  • Trilogie van de Laatste Dag (1996-97) (each of its three sections may be performed separately: (i) The Last Day (texts by Lucebert, folksong A Woman and Her Lass) for boy soprano, 4 male voices, orchestra; (ii) TAO (texts by Laozi, Kotaro Takamura) for 4 female voices, piano [+ voice, koto], small orchestra [5 winds, 2 horns, harp, piano (+ celesta), 2 percussion, minimum 14 strings]; (iii) Dancing on the Bones (text by the composer) for children’s chorus, orchestra, 1997)
  • De herauten (1997) for 3 horns, 3 trumpets, 3 trombones, tuba, timpani
  • Not an Anfang (1997) for piano
  • De eerste minnaar (1998) (text by Ton Tellegen) for boy soprano, organ, 1998 (section of music theatre work Oldenbarneveldt; may be performed as a concert work)
  • Tuin van Zink (1998) for viola, live electronics
  • Writing to Vermeer (1997-99) (libretto by Peter Greenaway) Opera for 2 children’s voices, 2 sopranos, mezzo-soprano, female chorus, orchestra (7 winds, 2 horns, 2 trumpets [2nd + bass trumpet], 2 harps, 2 electric guitars, cimbalom, 2 pianos, on-stage harpsichord, 2 percussion, minimum 22 strings), CD (music by Michel van der Aa)
  • Woodpecker (1999) for percussion
  • Image de Moreau (1999) for piano
  • Dirck Sweelinck Missed the Prince (1999) for harpischord
  • What Shall I Buy You, Son? (2000) for voice, piano
  • Boodschappenlijstje van een gifmengster (2000) (text by the composer) for vocalist (also writes), voice (may be performed as Shopping List of a Poisoner
  • Inanna’s Descent (2000) for mezzo-soprano, piccolo, oboe, violin, piano, 2 percussion ensembles (4-12 total players)
  • The New Math(s) (2000) (text by Hal Hartley) for soprano, transverse flute, violin, marimba, CD (music by Michel van der Aa), 2000 (film score; may be performed as a concert work)
  • Feli-citazione (2000) for piano
  • Passeggiata in tram in America e ritorno (2001) (text by Dino Campana) for female Italian voice, 3 trumpets, 3 trombones, electric guitar, electric violin, double bass, piano, percussion, 1998 (also version for voice, flute, horn, 3 trumpets, 3 trombones, amplified violin, double bass, piano
  • De vleugels van de herinnering (2001) (text by Larissa Tiginachvili) for voice, piano
  • Fanfare om te beginnen (2001) for 6 groups of horns
  • La Passione (2000-02) (text by Dino Campana) for female jazz voice, violin, small orchestra (7 winds, 7 brass, electric guitar, cimbalom, 2 pianos, synthesizer, 2 percussion, 3 violins, bass guitar)
  • Very Sharp Trumpet Sonata (2002) for trumpet
  • Strijkkwartet No. 2, 'Tuin van Eros' (2002) for string quartet
  • Klokken voor Haarlem (2002) for piano, celesta, synthesizer, vibraphone (+ glockenspiel)
  • Inanna (2003) texts by Hal Hartley, Theo J.H.Krispijn) for 4 voices, 3 actors, mixed chorus, contrabass clarinet, 4 saxophones, violin, film (by Hal Hartley)
  • Letter from Cathy (2003) (text from a letter by Cathy Berberian to the composer) for female jazz voice, harp, violin, double bass, piano, percussion
  • Tuin van Eros (2003) for violin, piano
  • RUTTMANN Opus II, III, IV (2003) for flute, 3 saxophones, horn, 3 trumpets, 3 trombones, double bass, piano
  • Haags Hakkuh — The Hague Hacking (2003) for 2 pianos
  • Racconto dall’inferno (2004) (text by Dante Alighieri) for female jazz voice, small orchestra (8 winds, 6 brass, guitar, cimbalom, 2 pianos, 2 percussion, minimum 8 strings, bass guitar
  • De Opening (2005) for ensemble (combined Orkest De Volharding, ASKO Ensemble, Schoenberg Ensemble)
  • Vermeer Pictures (2005) concert suite for orchestra from Writing to Vermeer (arrangement by Clark Rundell)
  • XENIA (2005) for violin
  • Hymne to the memory of Darius Milhaud for ensemble (1974/2006)
  • Hellende Fanfare (Inclined fanfare; Fanfara inclinata) (2006) for voice and ensemble (Text by Dino Campana)
  • Raadsels (Riddle) (2006) for solo violin
  • Johann Sebastian Bach's Prelude in b minor from the Well-Tempered Clavier BWV 866, arranged for string quartet with the first six bars augmented with a viola part by Igor Stravinsky, completed by Louis Andriessen (2006)
  • ..miserere... (2006–07) for string quartet
  • The City of Dis or: The Ship of Fools (2007) for voices and ensemble. Part I of La Commedia (2004–08)
  • La Commedia (2004–08). Film opera in five parts (texts by Dante and Vondel and from the Old Testament)
  • Haags Hakkûh (The Hague Hacking) (2008) for two pianos and large ensemble
  • Christiaan Andriessens uitzicht op de Amstel (Christiaan Andriessen's view on the river Amstel) (2009) for ensemble
  • Life (2009) for ensemble, with film by Marijke van Warmerdam
  • Anaïs Nin (2009/10) for singer, ensemble and film
  • La Girò (2011), for violin solo & ensemble

Андриссен о музыке[править | править вики-текст]

  • Часы Аполлона. О Стравинском. СПб: Институт ПРО АРТЕ; Академический Проект, 2003 (в соавторстве с Элмером Шенбергером).
  • Украденное время. СПб: Культ-Информ-Пресс, 2005.

О нём[править | править вики-текст]

  • The Music of Louis Andriessen/ Maja Trochimczyk, ed. New York: Routledge, 2002.
  • Everett Y.U. The Music of Louis Andriessen. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2007.
  • Северина И. Классик-неакадемист // Играем с начала. Da capo al fine : Газета. — М., 2013. — № 12 (116).

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