Медаль Копли

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Медаль Г. Копли, которой Лондонское королевское общество наградило Д. И. Менделеева в 1905 году

Медаль Копли (англ. Copley Medal) — высшая награда Королевского общества Великобритании. Присуждается «за выдающиеся достижения в какой-либо области науки».

Медаль учредил сэр Годфри Копли[en] (англ. Sir Godfrey Copley, 1653—1709), богатый землевладелец, любитель науки и член Королевского общества. В своём завещании он распорядился учредить фонд, проценты с которого должны ежегодно направляться, по усмотрению Королевского общества, на поощрение научной деятельности. Кроме медали, лауреат получал денежную премию в размере 100 фунтов. В настоящее время размер премии увеличен до 5000 фунтов.

Первую премию получил в 1731 году Стивен Грей, за открытие передачи электричества на расстояние. Вторая премия (1732) досталась ему же. С тех пор премия, за редким исключением, присуждалась каждый год; среди её лауреатов 52 обладателя Нобелевской премии (17 — по физике, 14 — по химии, 21 — по медицине).

Список лауреатов[править | править вики-текст]

Значком Нобелевская премия помечены лауреаты премии Копли, одновременно являющиеся Нобелевскими лауреатами.

Год Лауреат Обоснование награды
2016 Ричард Хендерсон "For his fundamental and revolutionary contributions to the development of electron microscopy of biological materials, enabling their atomic structures to be deduced."
2015 Нобелевская премия по физике — 2013 Питер Хиггс "For his fundamental contribution to particle physics with his theory explaining the origin of mass in elementary particles, confirmed by the experiments at the Large Hadron Collider."
2014 Алек Джеффрис "For his pioneering work on variation and mutation in the human genome."
2013 Нобелевская премия по физике — 2010 Андрей Гейм "For his numerous scientific contributions and, in particular, for initiating research on two‐dimensional atomic crystals and their artificial heterostructures."
2012 Нобелевская премия по химии — 1997 Джон Эрнст Уокер "For his ground-breaking work on bioenergetics, discovering the mechanism of ATP synthesis in the mitochondrion."
2011 Дэн МакКензи "For his seminal contributions to the understanding of geological and geophysical phenomena including tectonic plates."
2010 Дэвид Кокс "for his seminal contributions to the theory and applications of statistics."
Нобелевская премия по химии — 2015 Томас Линдаль "for his seminal contributions to the understanding of the biochemistry of DNA repair."
2009 Нобелевская премия по физиологии и медицине — 2007 Мартин Эванс "for his seminal work on embryonic stem cells in mice, which revolutionised the field of genetics."
2008 Роджер Пенроуз "for his beautiful and original insights into many areas of mathematics and mathematical physics. Sir Roger has made outstanding contributions to general relativity theory and cosmology, most notably for his work on black holes and the Big Bang."
2007 Роберт Мэй "for his seminal studies of interactions within and among biological populations that have reshaped our understanding of how species, communities and entire ecosystems respond to natural or human created disturbance."
2006 Стивен Хокинг "For his outstanding contribution to theoretical physics and theoretical cosmology. "
2005 Нобелевская премия по физиологии и медицине — 2001 Пол Нерс "for his contributions to cell biology in general, and to the elucidation of the control of cell division."
2004 Нобелевская премия по химии — 1996 Харольд Крото "in recognition of his seminal contributions to understanding the fundamental dynamics of carbon chain molecules, leading to the detection of these species (polyynes) in the interstellar medium by radioastronomy, and thence to the genesis of a new era in carbon science"
2003 Нобелевская премия по физиологии и медицине — 2012 Джон Гёрдон "For his unique range of groundbreaking discoveries in the fields of cell and developmental biology. He pioneered the concept that specialised cells are genetically equivalent and that they differ only in the genes they express not the genes they contain, a concept fundamental to modern biology"
2002 Нобелевская премия по химии — 1998 Джон Попл "For his development of computational methods in quantum chemistry. His work transformed density functional theory into a powerful theoretical tool for chemistry, chemical physics and biology"
2001 Жак Миллер "For his work on the immunological function of the thymus and of T cells, which has revolutionised the science of immunology. Professor Millers work is paving the way for designing new methods to improve resistance to infections, producing new vaccines, enhancing graft survival, dealing with autoimmunity and even persuading the immune system to reject cancer cells"
2000 Алан Раштон Баттерсби "In recognition of his pioneering work in elucidating the detailed biosynthetic pathways to all the major families of plant alkaloids. His approach, which stands as a paradigm for future biosynthetic studies on complex molecules, combines isolation work, structure determination, synthesis, isotopic labelling and spectroscopy, especially advanced NMR, as well as genetics and molecular biology. This spectacular research revealed the entire pathway to vitamin B12"
1999 Джон Мейнард Смит "In recognition of his seminal contributions to evolutionary biology, including his experimental work on sexual selection, his important contributions to our understanding of ageing, his introduction of game theoretical methods for the analysis of complex evolutionary scenarios and his research into molecular evolution, both through his classic work on genetic hitchhiking, and with his more recent, ongoing work on bacterial population growth"
1998 Джеймс Лайтхилл "In recognition of his profound contributions to many fields within fluid mechanics including important aspects of the interaction of sound and fluid flow and numerous other contributions which have had practical applications in aircraft engine design. He is noted also for his ground-breaking work on both external bio-fluid-dynamics – analysis of mechanisms of swimming and flying – and internal bio-fluid-dynamics, including flow in the cardiovascular system and the airways, and cochlear mechanics and other aspects of hearing"
1997 Хью Хаксли "In recognition of his pioneering work on the structure of muscle and on the molecular mechanisms of muscle contraction, providing solutions to one of the great problems in physiology"
1996 Алан Коттрелл "In recognition of his contribution to the understanding of mechanical properties of materials and related topics through his pioneering studies on crystal plasticity, dislocation impurity interactions, fracture and irradiation effects"
1995 Фрэнк Феннер "In recognition of his contribution to animal virology with special emphasis on the pox and myxomatosis viruses and their relationship with the host in causing disease"
1994 Фредерик Чарльз Фрэнк "In recognition of his fundamental contribution to the theory of crystal morphology, in particular to the source of dislocations and their consequences in interfaces and crystal growth; to fundamental understanding of liquid crystals and the concept of disclination; and to the extension of crystallinity concepts to aperiodic crystals. He has also contributed through a variety of remarkable insights into a great number of physical problems"
1993 Нобелевская премия по физиологии и медицине — 1962 Джеймс Уотсон "In recognition of his tireless pursuit of DNA, from the elucidation of its structure to the social and medical implications of the sequencing of the human genome"
1992 Нобелевская премия по химии — 1967 Джордж Портер "In recognition of his contributions to fundamental understanding of fast photochemical and photophysical processes and their role in chemistry and biology"
1991 Нобелевская премия по физиологии и медицине — 2002 Сидней Бреннер "In recognition of his many contributions to molecular genetics and developmental biology, and his recent role in the Human Genome mapping project"
1990 Нобелевская премия по физике — 1979 Абдус Салам "In recognition of his work on the symmetries of the laws of nature, and especially the unification of the electromagnetic and weak forces"
1989 Нобелевская премия по физиологии и медицине — 1984 Сезар Мильштейн "In recognition of his outstanding contributions to immunology, in particular to the discovery of monoclonal antibodies and to the understanding of the role of somatic mutations in the maturation of the immune response"
1988 Майкл Фрэнсис Атья "In recognition of his fundamental contributions to a wide range of topics in geometry, topology, analysis and theoretical physics"
1987 Робин Хилл "In recognition of his pioneering contributions to the understanding of the nature and mechanism of the main pathway of electron transport in photosynthesis"
1986 Рудольф Эрнст Пайерлс "In recognition of his fundamental contributions to a very wide range of theoretical physics, and signal advances in proposing the probable existence of nuclear chain reactions in fissile materials"
1985 Нобелевская премия по химии — 1982 Аарон Клуг "In recognition of his outstanding contributions to our understanding of complex biological structures and the methods used for determining them"
1984 Нобелевская премия по физике — 1983 Субраманьян Чандрасекар "In recognition of his distinguished work on theoretical physics, including stellar structure, theory of radiation, hydrodynamic stability and relativity"
1983 Нобелевская премия по физиологии и медицине — 1972 Родни Портер "In recognition of his elucidation of the structure of immunoglobulins and of the reactions involved in activating the complement system of proteins"
1982 Нобелевская премия по химии — 1975 Джон Уоркап Корнфорт "In recognition of his distinguished research on the stereochemically-controlled synthesis and biosynthesis of biologically important molecules"
1981 Нобелевская премия по химии — 1978 Питер Деннис Митчелл "In recognition of his distinguished contribution to biology in his formulation and development of the chemiosmotic theory of energy transduction"
1980 Нобелевская премия по химии — 1969 Дерек Харолд Ричард Бартон "In recognition of his distinguished contributions to a wide range of problems in structural and synthetic organic chemistry and , in particular, his introduction of conformational analysis into stereochemistry"
1979 Нобелевская премия по химии — 1962 Макс Фердинанд Перуц "In recognition of his distinguished contributions to molecular biology through his own studies of the structure and biological activity of haemoglobin and his leadership in the development of the subject"
1978 Роберт Бёрнс Вудворд "In recognition of his masterly contributions to the synthesis of complex natural products and his discovery of the importance of orbital symmetry"
1977 Нобелевская премия по химии — 1958Нобелевская премия по химии — 1980 Фредерик Сенгер "In recognition of his distinguished work on the chemical structure of proteins and his studies on the sequences of nucleic acids"
1976: Нобелевская премия по физиологии и медицине — 1964 Дороти Кроуфут-Ходжкин "In recognition of her outstanding work on the structures of complex molecules, particularly Penicillin, vitamin B12 and insulin"
1975 Нобелевская премия по физиологии и медицине — 1962 Фрэнсис Крик "In recognition of his elucidation of the structure of DNA and his continuing contribution to molecular biology"
1974 Вильям Воланс Дуглас Ходж "In recognition of his pioneering work in algebraic geometry, notably in his theory of harmonic integrals"
1973 Нобелевская премия по физиологии и медицине — 1963 Эндрю Филдинг Хаксли "In recognition of his outstanding studies on the mechanisms of the nerve impulse and of activation of muscular contraction"
1972 Нобелевская премия по физике — 1977 Невилл Франсис Мотт "In recognition of his original contributions over a long period to atomic and solid state physics"
1971 Норман Пири[en] "In recognition of his distinguished contributions to biochemistry and especially for his elucidation of the nature of plant viruses"
1970 Нобелевская премия по химии — 1957 Александер Роберт Тодд "In recognition of his outstanding contributions to both the analytical and synthetic chemistry of natural products of diverse types"
1969 Нобелевская премия по физиологии и медицине — 1960 Питер Брайан Медавар "In recognition of his distinguished studies of tissue transplantation and immunological tolerance"
1968 Нобелевская премия по физиологии и медицине — 1950 Тадеуш Рейхштейн "In recognition of his distinguished work on the chemistry of vitamin C and his authoritative studies of the cortico-steroids"
1967 Нобелевская премия по физиологии и медицине — 1970 Бернард Кац "In recognition of his distinguished contributions to knowledge of the fundamental processes involved in transmission across the neuromuscular junction"
1966 Нобелевская премия по физике — 1915 Уильям Лоренс Брэгг "In recognition of his distinguished contributions to the development of methods of structural determination by X-ray diffraction"
1965 Нобелевская премия по физиологии и медицине — 1963 Алан Ходжкин "In recognition of his discovery of the mechanism of excitation and impulse conduction in nerve, and his outstanding leadership in the development of neurophysiology"
1964 Сидни Чепмен "In recognition of his theoretical contributions to terrestrial and interplanetary magnetism, the ionosphere and the aurora borealis"
1963 Пол Филдс[en] "In recognition of his pioneering contributions to bacteriology."
1962 Нобелевская премия по химии — 1956 Сирил Норман Хиншелвуд "In recognition of his distinguished researches in the field of chemical kinetics, including the study of biological reaction mechanisms, and of his outstanding contributions to natural philosophy"
1961 Нобелевская премия по физиологии и медицине — 1953 Ханс Адольф Кребс "In recognition of his distinguished contributions to biochemistry, in particular his work on the ornithine, tricarboxylic acid and glyoxylate cycles"
1960 Гарольд Джеффри "In recognition of his distinguished work in many branches of geophysics, and also in the theory of probability and astronomy"
1959 Нобелевская премия по физиологии и медицине — 1960 Фрэнк Макфарлейн Бёрнет "In recognition of his distinguished contributions to knowledge of viruses and of immunology"
1958 Джон Идензор Литлвуд "In recognition of his distinguished contributions to many branches of analysis, including Tauberian theory, the Riemann zeta function, and non-linear differential equations"
1957 Нобелевская премия по физиологии и медицине — 1945 Хоуард Уолтер Флори "In recognition of his distinguished contributions to experimental pathology and medicine"
1956 Нобелевская премия по физике — 1948 Патрик Мейнард Стюарт Блэкетт "In recognition of his outstanding studies of cosmic ray showers and heavy mesons and in the field of palaeomagnetism"
1955 Рональд Эйлмер Фишер "In recognition of his numerous and distinguished contributions to developing the theory and application of statistics for making quantitative a vast field of biology"
1954 Эдмунд Тейлор Уиттекер "For his distinguished contributions to both pure and applied mathematics and to theoretical physics"
1953 Альберт Клайвер[en] "For his distinguished contributions of a fundamental character to the science of microbiology"
1952 Нобелевская премия по физике — 1933 Поль Дирак "In recognition of his remarkable contributions to relativistic dynamics of a particle in quantum mechanics"
1951 Дэвид Кейлин "For his fundamental researches in the fields of protozoology, entomology and the biochemistry of enzymes"
1950 Нобелевская премия по физике — 1935 Джеймс Чедвик "For his outstanding work in nuclear physics and in the development of atomic energy, especially for his discovery of the neutron"
1949 Нобелевская премия по химии — 1943 Дьёрдь де Хевеши "For his distinguished work on the chemistry of radioactive elements and especially for his development of the radioactive tracer techniques in the investigation of biological processes"
1948 Нобелевская премия по физиологии и медицине — 1922 Арчибалд Хилл "For his distinguished researches on myothermal problems and on biophysical phenomena in nerve and other tissues"
1947 Годфри Харолд Харди "For his distinguished part in the development of mathematical analysis in England during the last thirty years"
1946 Нобелевская премия по физиологии и медицине — 1932 Эдгар Дуглас Эдриан "For his distinguished researches on the fundamental nature of nervous activity, and recently on the localization of certain nervous functions"
1945 Освальд Эвери "For his success in introducing chemical methods in the study of immunity against infective diseases"
1944 Джефри Инграм Тейлор "For his many contributions to aerodynamics, hydrodynamics, and the structure of metals, which have had a profound influence on the advance of physical science and its applications"
1943 Джозеф Баркрофт "For his distinguished work on respiration and the respiratory function of the blood"
1942 Нобелевская премия по химии — 1947 Роберт Робинсон "For his research work of outstanding originality and brilliance which has influenced the whole field of organic chemistry"
1941 Томас Льюис "За клинические и экспериментальные исследования сердца млекопитающих"
1940 Поль Ланжевен "For his pioneer work on the electron theory of magnetism, his fundamental contributions to discharge of electricity in gases, and his important work in many branches of theoretical physics"
1939 Нобелевская премия по физиологии и медицине — 1933 Томас Хант Морган "For his establishment of the modern science of genetics which had revolutionized our understanding, not only of heredity, but of the mechanism and nature of evolution"
1938 Нобелевская премия по физике — 1922 Нильс Бор "In recognition of his distinguished work in the development of the quantum theory of atomic structure"
1937 Нобелевская премия по физиологии и медицине — 1936 Генри Дейл "In recognition of his important contributions to physiology and pharmacology, particularly in relation to the nervous and neuro-muscular systems"
1936 Артур Эванс "In recognition of his pioneer work in Crete, particularly his contributions to the history and civilization of its Minoan age"
1935 Нобелевская премия по физике — 1927 Чарлз Томсон Риз Вильсон "For his work on the use of clouds in advancing our knowledge of atoms and their properties"
1934 Джон Скотт Холдейн "In recognition of his discoveries in human physiology and of their application to medicine, mining, diving and engineering"
1933 Теобальд Смит "For his original research and observation on diseases of animals and man"
1932 Джордж Эллери Хейл "For his distinguished work on the solar magnetic phenomena and for his eminence as a scientific engineer, especially in connexion with Mount Wilson Observatory"
1931 Шустер, Артур "For his distinguished researches in optics and terrestrial magnetism"
1930 Нобелевская премия по физике — 1915 Уильям Генри Брэгг "For his distinguished contributions to crystallography and radioactivity"
1929 Нобелевская премия по физике — 1918 Макс Планк "For his contributions to theoretical physics and especially as the originator of the quantum theory"
1928 Чарлз Алджернон Парсонс "For his contributions to engineering science"
1927 Нобелевская премия по физиологии и медицине — 1932 Чарльз Скотт Шеррингтон "For his distinguished work on neurology"
1926 Нобелевская премия по физиологии и медицине — 1929 Фредерик Гоуленд Хопкинс "For his distinguished and fruitful work in biochemistry"
1925 Нобелевская премия по физике — 1921 Альберт Эйнштейн "For his theory of relativity and his contributions to the quantum theory"
1924 Эдвард Альберт Шарпи-Шейфер[en] "For the valuable work he has done in physiology and histology and the position he now occupies as a leader in these sciences"
1923 Гораций Лэмб "For his researches in mathematical physics"
1922 Нобелевская премия по химии — 1908 Эрнест Резерфорд "For his researches in radio activity & atomic structure"
1921 Джозеф Лармор "For his researches in mathematical physics"
1920 Хорас Тэбберер Браун[en] "On the ground of his work on the chemistry of carbohydrates, &c"
1919: Уильям Мэддок Бейлисс "On the ground of his researches in general physiology & biophysics"
1918 Нобелевская премия по физике — 1902 Хендрик Антон Лоренц "On the ground of his distinguished researches in mathematical physics"
1917 Пьер Поль Эмиль Ру "On the ground of his eminence as a bacteriologist, and as a pioneer in serum therapy"
1916 Джеймс Дьюар "For his important investigations in physical chemistry, more especially his researches on the liquefaction of gases"
1915 Нобелевская премия по физиологии и медицине — 1904 Иван Петрович Павлов "On the ground of his investigations in the physiology of digestion and of the higher centres of the nervous system"
1914 Нобелевская премия по физике — 1906 Джозеф Джон Томсон "On the ground of his discoveries in physical science"
1913 Эдвин Рей Ланкестер "On the ground of the high scientific value of the researches in zoology carried out by him"
1912 Феликс Клейн "On the ground of his researches in mathematics"
1911 Джордж Говард Дарвин "On the ground of his researches on tidal theory, the figures of the planets, and allied subjects"
1910 Фрэнсис Гальтон "On the ground of his researches in heredity"
1909 Джордж Уильям Хилл "On the ground of his researches in mathematical astronomy"
1908 Альфред Рассел Уоллес "On the ground of the great value of his numerous contributions to natural history, and of the part he took in working out the theory of the origin of species by natural selection"
1907 Нобелевская премия по физике — 1907 Альберт Абрахам Майкельсон "On the ground of his investigations in optics"
1906 Нобелевская премия по физиологии и медицине — 1908 Илья Ильич Мечников "On the ground of the importance of his work in zoology and in pathology"
1905 Дмитрий Иванович Менделеев "For his contributions to chemical and physical science"
1904 Уильям Крукс "For his long-continued researches in spectroscopic chemistry, on electrical & mechanical phenomena in highly-rarefied gases, on radio-active phenomena, and other subjects"
1903 Эдуард Зюсс "For his eminent geological services, & especially for the original researches & conclusions published in his great work 'Das Antlitz der Erde'"
1902 Джозеф Листер "In recognition of the value of his physiological and pathological researches in regard to their influence on the modern practice of surgery"
1901 Джозайя Уиллард Гиббс "For his contributions to mathematical physics"
1900 Марселен Бертло "For his brilliant services to chemical science"
1899 Нобелевская премия по физике — 1904 Джон Уильям Стретт (лорд Рэлей) "In recognition of his contributions to physical science"
1898 Уильям Хаггинс "For his researches in spectrum analysis applied to the heavenly bodies"
1897 Альберт Кёлликер "In recognition of his important work in embryology, comparative anatomy, and physiology, and especially for his eminence as a histologist"
1896 Карл Гегенбаур "For his life-long researches in comparative anatomy in all branches of the animal kingdom. etc., etc"
1895 Карл Вейерштрасс "For his investigations in pure mathematics"
1894 Эдуард Франкленд "For his eminent services to theoretical & applied chemistry"
1893 Джордж Габриель Стокс "For his researches and discoveries in physical science"
1892 Рудольф Вирхов "For his investigations in pathology, pathological anatomy, and prehistoric archaeology"
1891 Станислао Канниццаро "For his contributions to chemical philosophy especially for his application of Avogadros theory"
1890 Саймон Ньюком "For his contributions to the progress of gravitational astronomy"
1889 Джордж Сальмон "For his various papers on subjects of pure mathematics, and for the valuable mathematical treatises of which he is the author"
1888 Томас Генри Хаксли "For his investigations on the morphology and histology of vertebrate and invertebrate animals, and for his services to biological science in general during many past years"
1887 Джозеф Долтон Гукер "For his services to botanical science as an investigator, author, and traveller"
1886: Франц Эрнст Нейман "For his researches in theoretical optics and electro-dynamics"
1885 Фридрих Август Кекуле "For his researches in organic chemistry"
1884: Карл Фридрих Вильгельм Людвиг "For his investigations in physiology, and the great services which he has rendered to physiological science"
1883 Уильям Томсон (лорд Кельвин) "For (1) his discovery of the law of the universal dissipation of energy; (2) his researches and eminent services in physics, both experimental & mathematical, especially in the theory of electricity and thermodynamics"
1882 Артур Кэли "For his numerous profound and comprehensive researches in pure mathematics"
1881 Шарль Адольф Вюрц "For his discovery of the organic ammonias, the glycols, and other investigations which have exercised considerable influence on the progress of chemistry"
1880 Джеймс Джозеф Сильвестр "For his long continued investigations & discoveries in mathematics"
1879 Рудольф Юлиус Эммануэль Клаузиус "For his well-known researches upon heat"
1878 Жан Батист Буссенго "For his long-continued and important researches and discoveries in agricultural chemistry"
1877 Джеймс Дуайт Дана "For his biological, geological, and mineralogical investigations, carried on through half a century, and for the valuable works in which his conclusions and discoveries have been published"
1876 Клод Бернар "For his numerous contributions to the science of physiology"
1875 Август Вильгельм Гофман "For his numerous contributions to the science of chemistry, and especially for his researches on the derivatives of ammonia"
1874 Луи Пастер "For his researches on fermentation and on pelerine"
1873 Герман Гельмгольц "For his researches in physics and physiology"
1872 Фридрих Вёлер "For his numerous contributions to the science of chemistry, and more especially for his researches on the products of the decomposition of cyanogens by ammonia; on the derivatives of uric acid; on the benzoyl series; on boron, silicon, & their compounds; and on meteoric stones"
1871 Юлиус Роберт Майер "For his researches on the mechanics of heat; including essays on: – 1. The force of inorganic nature. 2. Organic motion in connection with nutrition. 3. Fever. 4. Celestial dynamics. 5. The mechanical equivalent of heat"
1870 Джеймс Прескотт Джоуль "For his experimental researches on the dynamical theory of heat"
1869 Анри Виктор Реньо "For the second volume of his Relation des Experiences pour determiner les lois et les donnees physiques necessaries au calcul des machines a feu, including his elaborate investigations on the specific heat of gases and vapours, and various papers on the elastic force of vapours"
1868 Чарльз Уитстон "For his researches in acoustics, optics, electricity and magnetism"
1867 Карл Эрнст фон Бэр "For his discoveries in embryology and comparative anatomy, and for his contributions to the philosophy of zoology"
1866 Юлиус Плюккер "For his researches in analytical geometry, magnetism, & spectral analysis"
1865 Мишель Шаль "For his historical and original researches in pure geometry"
1864 Чарльз Дарвин "For his important researches in geology, zoology, and botanical physiology"
1863 Адам Седжвик "For his original observations and discoveries in the geology of the Palaeozoic Series of rocks, and more especially for his determination of the characters of the Devonian System, by observations of the order of superposition of the Killas rocks & their fossils in Devonshire"
1862 Томас Грэм "For three memoirs of the diffusion of liquids, published in the Philosophical Transactions for 1850 and 1851; for a memoir on osmotic force in the Philosophical Transactions for 1854; and particularly for a paper on liquid diffusion applied to analysis, including a distinction of compounds into colloids & crystalloids published in the Philosophical Transactions for 1861"
1861 Жан Луи Родольф Агассис "For his eminent researches in palaeontology and other branches of science, and particularly for his great works the Poissons Fossiles, and his Poissons du Vieux Gres Rouge dEcosse"
1860 Роберт Вильгельм Бунзен "For his researches on cacodyls, gaseous analysis, the Voltaire phenomena of Iceland; and other researches"
1859 Вильгельм Эдуард Вебер "For the investigations contained in his Maasbestimmungen and other researches in electricity, magnetism, acoustics"
1858 Чарлз Лайель "For his various researches and writings by which he has contributed to the advance of geology"
1857 Мишель Эжен Шеврёль "For his researches in organic chemistry, particularly on the composition of the fats, and for his researches on the contrast of coulours"
1856 Анри Мильн-Эдвардс "For his researches in comparative anatomy and zoology"
1855 Жан Бернар Леон Фуко "For his various researches in experimental physics"
1854 Иоганн Петер Мюллер "For his important contributions to different branches of physiology and comparative anatomy, and particularly for his researches on the embryology of the Echinodermata, contained in a series of memoirs published in the Transactions of the Royal Academy of Sciences of Berlin"
1853 Генрих Вильгельм Дове "For his work on the distribution of heat over the surface of the Earth"
1852 Александр фон Гумбольдт "For his eminent services in terrestrial physics, during a series of years"
1851 Ричард Оуэн "On account of his important discoveries in comparative anatomy & palaeontology, contained in the Philosophical Transactions and numerous other works"
1850 Петер Андреас Ганзен "For his researches in physical astronomy"
1849 Родерик Импи Мурчисон "For the eminent services he has rendered to geological science during many years of active observation in several parts of Europe; and especially for the establishment of that classification of the older Palaeozoic deposits designated the Silurian System, as set forth in the two works entitled The Silurian System founded on Geological Researches in England, and The Geology of Russia in Europe and the Ural Mountains"
1848 Джон Куч Адамс "For his investigations relative to the disturbances of Uranus, and for his application of the inverse problem of perturbations thereto"
1847 Джон Гершель "For his work entitled Results of Astronomical Observations made during the years 1834, 1835, 1836, 1837 and 1838, at the Cape of Good Hope; being a completion of a telescopic survey of the whole surface of the visible heavens, commenced in 1825"
1846 Урбен Леверрье "For his investigations relative to the disturbances of Uranus by which he proved the existence and predicted the place of the new Planet; the Council considering such prediction confirmed as it was by the immediate discovery of the Planet to be one of the proudest triumphs of modern analysis applied to the Newtonian Theory of Gravitation"
1845 Теодор Шванн "For his physiological researches on the development of animal & vegetable textures, published in his work entitled Mikroskopische Untersuchungen uber die Uebereinstimmung in der Struktur u. dem Wachsthun der Thiese u. Bflanzen"
1844 Карло Маттеуччи "For his various researches in animal electricity"
1843 Жан Батист Дюма "For his late valuable researches in organic chemistry, particularly those contained in a series of memoirs on chemical types and the doctrine of substitution, and also for his elaborate investigations of the atomic weights of carbon, oxygen, hydrogen, nitrogen and other elements"
1842 Мак-Куллах, Джеймс "For his researches connected with the wave theory of light, contained in the Transactions of the Royal Irish Academy"
1841 Георг Симон Ом "For his researches into the laws of electric currents contained in various memoirs published in Schweiggers Journal, Poggendorffs Annalen and in a separate work entitled Die galvanische Kette mathematisch bearbeitet"
1840 Юстус Либих "For his discoveries in organic chemistry, and particularly for his development of the composition and theory of organic radicals."
Жак Шарль Франсуа Штурм "For his "Memoire sur la Resolution des Equations Numeriques," published in the Memoires des Savans Etrangers for 1835."
1839 Роберт Броун "For his discoveries during a series of years, on the subject of vegetable impregnation"
1838 Карл Фридрих Гаусс "For his inventions and mathematical researches in magnetism. (Gauss)"
Майкл Фарадей "For his researches in specific electrical induction. (Faraday)"
1837 Антуан Сезар Беккерель "For his various memoirs on the subject of electricity, published in the Memoires deacademie Royale des Sciences de lInstitut de France, and particularly for those on the production of crystals of metallic sulphurets and of sulphur, by the long-continued action of electricity of very low tension, and published in the tenth volume of those Memoires."
Джон Фредерик Даниель "For his two papers on voltaic combinations published in the Philosophical Transactions for 1836."
1836 Йёнс Якоб Берцелиус "For his systematic application of the doctrine of definite proportions to the analysis of mineral bodies, as contained in his Nouveau Systeme de Mineralogie, and in other of his works."
Francis Kiernan[en] "For his discoveries relating to the structure of the liver, as detailed in his paper communicated to the Royal Society, and published in the Philosophical Transactions for 1833."
1835 Уильям Сноу Харрис[en] "For his experimental investigations of the force of electricity of high intensity contained in the Philosophical Transactions of 1834"
1834 Джованни Антонио Амедео Плана "For his work entitled, Theorie du Mouvement de la Lune"
1833 (не присуждалась)
1832 Майкл Фарадей "For his discovery of Magneto-Electricity as detailed in his Experimental Researches in Electricity, published in the Philosophical Transactions for the present year."
Симеон Дени Пуассон "For his work entitled, Nouvelle Theorie de lAction Capillaire."
1831 Джордж Биддель Эйри "For his Papers, On the principle of the construction of the Achromatic Eye-pieces of Telescopes, – On the Spherical Aberration of the Eye-pieces of Telescopes, and for other Papers on Optical Subjects in the Transactions of the Cambridge Philosophical Society"
1830 (не присуждалась)
1829 (не присуждалась)
1828 (не присуждалась)
1827 Уильям Праут "For his Paper entitled, On the ultimate Composition of simple alimentary substances, with some preliminary remarks on the analysis of organized bodies in general."
Henry Foster[en] "For his magnetic and other observations made during the Arctic expedition to Port Bowen."
1826 Джеймс Саут "For his observations of Double Stars, and his Paper on the Discordances between the Suns observed and computed Right Ascensions, published in the Transactions of the Society. For his Paper of Observations of the Apparent Distances and Positions of Four Hundred and Fifty-eight Double and Triple Stars, published in the present volume (1826, Part 1.) of the Transactions"
1825 Доминик Франсуа Араго "For the Discovery of the Magnetic Properties of substances not containing Iron. For the Discovery of the power of various bodies, principally metallic, to receive magnetic impressions, in the same, though in a more evanescent manner than malleable Iron, and in an infinitely less intense degree."
Питер Барлоу "For his various Communications on the subject of Magnetism."
1824 Джон Бринкли "For his various Communications to the Royal Society"
1823 Джон Понд "For his various Communications to the Royal Society"
1822 Уильям Баклэнд "For his Paper on the Fossil Teeth and Bones discovered in a Cave at Kirkdale"
1821 Эдвард Сэбин "For his various Communications to the Royal Society relating to his researches made in the late Expedition to the Arctic Regions."
Джон Гершель "For his Papers printed in the Philosophical Transactions."
1820 Ганс Христиан Эрстед "For his Electro-magnetic Discoveries"
1819 (не присуждалась)
1818 Роберт Сеппингс[en] "For his Papers on the construction of Ships of War, printed in the Philosophical Transactions"
1817 Генри Кэтер "For his Experiments on the Pendulum"
1816 (не присуждалась)
1815 Дэвид Брюстер "For his Paper on the Polarization of Light by Reflection from Transparent Bodies"
1814 Джеймс Айвори "For his various Mathematical Contributions printed in the Philosophical Transactions"
1813 Уильям Томас Брэнди[en] "For his Communications concerning the Alcohol contained in Fermented Liquors and other Papers, printed in the Philosophical Transactions"
1812 (не присуждалась)
1811 Бенджамин Коллинз Броуди[en] "For his Papers printed in the Philosophical Transactions. On the influence of the Brain on the action of the Heart, and the generation of Animal Heat; and on the different modes in which death is brought on by certain Vegetable Poisons"
1810 (не присуждалась)
1809 Эдвард Траутон "For the Account of his Method of dividing Astronomical Instruments, printed in the last volume of the Philosophical Transactions"
1808 Уильям Генри "For his various papers communicated to the society, and printed in the Philosophical Transactions"
1807 Эверард Хом "For his various Papers on Anatomy and Physiology, printed in the Philosophical Transactions"
1806 Томас Эндрю Найт "For his various Papers on Vegetation, printed in the Philosophical Transactions"
1805 Гемфри Дэви "For his various Communications published in the Philosophical Transactions"
1804 Смитсон Теннант "For his various Chemical Discoveries communicated to the Society, and printed in several volumes of the Philosophical Transactions"
1803 Ричард Ченевикс[en] "For his various Chemical Papers printed in the Philosophical Transactions"
1802 Уильям Хайд Волластон "For his various Papers printed in the Philosophical Transactions"
1801 Эстли Купер "For his Papers – on the effects which take place from the destruction of the Membrana Tympani of the Ear; with an account of an operation for the removal of a particular species of Deafness"
1800 Эдвард Чарльз Говард "For his Paper on a New Fulminating Mercury"
1799 Джон Хеллинз[en] "For his improved Solution of a problem in Physical Astronomy, &c. printed in the Philosophical Transactions for the year 1798; and his other Mathematical Papers"
1798 Джордж Шакбург-Эвелин[en] "For his various Communications printed in the Philosophical Transactions."
Чарльз Хэтчетт "For his Chemical Communications printed in the Philosophical Transactions."
1797 (не присуждалась)
1796 Джордж Атвуд "For his Paper on the construction and analysis of geometrical propositions determining the positions assumed by homogeneal bodies which float freely, and at rest; and also determining the Stability of Ships and other floating bodies"
1795 Джесси Рамсден "For his various inventions and improvements in the construction of the Instruments for the Trigonometrical measurements carried on by the late Major General Roy, and by Lieut. Col. Williams and his associates"
1794 Алессандро Вольта "For his several Communications explanatory of certain Experiments published by Professor Galvani"
1793 (не присуждалась)
1792 Бенджамин Румфорд "For his various Papers on the Properties and Communication of Heat"
1791 Реннел, Джеймс "For his Paper on the Rate of Travelling as performed by Camels, printed in the last (81st) volume of the Philosophical Transactions."
Делюк, Жан Андре "For his Improvements in Hygrometry."
1790 (не присуждалась)
1789 Уильям Морган[en] "For his two Papers on the values of Reversions and Survivorships, printed in the two last volumes of the Philosophical Transactions"
1788 Чарльз Блэгден[en] "For his two Papers on Congelation, printed in the last (78th) volume of the Philosophical transactions"
1787 Джон Хантер "For his three Papers, – On the Ovaria, On the identity of the dog, wolf, and jackall species, and On the anatomy of Whales, printed in the Philosophical Transactions for 1787"
1786 (не присуждалась)
1785 Уильям Рой[en] "For his Measurement of a Base on Hounslow Heath"
1784 Эдуард Уоринг "For his Mathematical Communications to the Society. For his Paper On the Summation of Series, whose general term is a determinate function of z the distance from the first term of the series"
1783 Джон Гудрайк "For his discovery of the Period of the Variation of Light in the Star Algol."
Thomas Hutchins[en] "For his Experiments to ascertain the point of Mercurial Congelation."
1782 Ричард Кёруэн "As a reward for the merit of his labours in the science of Chemistry. For his chemical analyses of Salts"
1781 Уильям Гершель "For the Communication of his Discovery of a new and singular Star; a discovery which does him particular honour, as, in all probability, this star has been for many years, perhaps ages, within the bounds of astronomic vision, and yet till now, eluded the most diligent researches of other observers"
1780 Сэмюэль Винс[en] "For his paper, entitled, An investigation of the Principles of Progressive and Rotatory Motion, printed in the Philosophical Transactions"
1779 (не присуждалась)
1778 Чарльз Хаттон[en] "For his paper, entitled, The force of Fired Gunpowder, and the initial velocity of Cannon Balls, determined by Experiments"
1777 Джон Мадж[en] "On account of his valuable Paper containing directions for making the best Composition for the metals of Reflecting Telescopes; together with a description of the process for grinding, polishing, and giving the best speculum the true parabolic form"
1776 Джеймс Кук "For his Paper, giving an account of the method he had taken to preserve the health of the crew of H.M. Ship the Resolution, during her late voyage round the world. Whose communication to the Society was of such importance to the public"
1775 Невил Маскелайн "In consideration of his curious and laborious Observations on the Attraction of Mountains, made in Scotland, – on Schehallien"
1774 (не присуждалась)
1773 Джон Уолш[en] "For his Paper on the Torpedo"
1772 Джозеф Пристли "On account of the many curious and useful Experiments contained in his observations"
1771 Мэтью Рэйпер[en] "For his paper entitled, An Enquiry into the value of ancient Greek and Roman Money"
1770 Уильям Гамильтон "For his Paper, entitled, An Account of a Journey to Mount Etna"
1769 Уильям Хьюсон[en] "For his Two Papers, entitled, An Account of the Lymphatic System in Amphibious Animals, – and An Account of the Lymphatic System in Fish"
1768 Питер Вулф[en] "For his Experiments on the Distillation of Acids, Volatile Alkalies, and other substances"
1767 Джон Эллис "For his Papers of the year 1767, On the animal nature of the Genus of Zoophytes called Corallina, and the Actinia Sociata, or Clustered Animal Flower, lately found on the sea coasts of the new-ceded Islands"
1766 William Brownrigg[en] "For an experimental enquiry into the Mineral Elastic Spirit, or Air, contained in Spa-Water; as well as into the Mephitic qualities of this Spirit."
Edward Delaval[en] "For his Experiments and Observations on the agreement between the specific gravities of the several Metals, and their colours when united to glass, as well as those of their other preparations."
Генри Кавендиш "For his Paper communicated this present year, containing his Experiments relating to Fixed Air."
1765 (не присуждалась)
1764 Джон Кэнтон "For his very ingenious and elegant Experiments in the Air Pump and Condensing Engine, to prove the Compressibility of Water, and some other Fluids"
1763 (не присуждалась)
1762 (не присуждалась)
1761 (не присуждалась)
1760 Бенджамин Вильсон "For his many curious Experiments in Electricity, communicated to the Society within the year"
1759 Смитон, Джон "On account of his curious Experiments concerning Water-wheels and Wind-mill Sails, communicated to the Society. For his experimental enquiry concerning the powers of water and wind in the moving of Mills"
1758 Джон Доллонд "On account of his curious Experiments and Discoveries concerning the different refrangibility of the Rays of Light, communicated to the Society"
1757 Чарльз Кэвендиш[en] "On account of his very curious and useful invention of making Thermometers, showing respectively the greatest degrees of heat and cold which have happened at any time during the absence of the observer"
1756 (не присуждалась)
1755 Джон Хаксем[en] "For his many useful Experiments on Antimony, of which an account had been read to the Society"
1754 Уильям Льюис[en] "For the many Experiments made by him on Platina, which tend to the discovery of the sophistication of gold: – which he would have entirely completed, but was obliged to put a stop to his further enquiries for want of materials"
1753 Бенджамин Франклин "On account of his curious Experiments and Observations on Electricity[en]"
1752 Джон Прингл "On account of his very curious and useful Experiments and Observations on Septic and Anti-septic Substances, communicated to the Society"
1751 Джон Кэнтон "On account of his communicating to the Society, and exhibiting before them, his curious method of making Artificial Magnets without the use of Natural ones"
1750 Джордж Эдвардс "On account of a very curious Book lately published by him, and intiyled, A Natural History of Birds, &c. – containing the Figures elegantly drawn, and illuminated in their proper colours, of 209 different Birds, and about 20 very rare Quadrupeds, Serpents, Fishes, and Insects."
1749 Джон Гаррисон "On account of those very curious Instruments, invented and made by him, for the exact mensuration of Time"
1748 Джеймс Брэдли "On account of his very curious and wonderful discoveries in the apparent motion of the Fixed Stars, and the causes of such apparent motion"
1747 Гоуин Найт[en] "On account of several very curious Experiments exhibited by him, both with Natural and Artificial Magnets"
1746 Бенджамин Робинс[en] "On account of his curious Experiments for showing the resistance of the Air, and his rules for establishing his doctrine thereon for the motion of Projectiles"
1745 Уильям Уотсон "On account of the surprising discoveries in the phenomena of Electricity, exhibited in his late Experiments"
1744 Генри Бейкер[en] "For his curious Experiments relating to the Crystallization or Configuration of the minute particles of Saline Bodies dissolved in a menstruum"
1743 Авраам Тремблей "For his Experiments on the Polypus"
1742 Кристофер Мидлтон[en] "For the communication of his Observations in the attempt of discovering a North-West passage to the East Indies through Hudsons Bay"
1741 Джон Теофил Дезагюлье "For his Experiments towards the discovery of the properties of Electricity. As an addition to his allowance (as Curator) for the present year."
1740 Александер Стюарт[en] "For his Lectures on Muscular Motion. As a further addition for his services to the Society in the care and pains he has taken therein"
1739 Стивен Хейлс "For his Experiments towards the Discovery of Medicines for dissolving the Stone; and Preservatives for keeping Meat in long voyages at Sea"
1738 Джеймс Валуэ[en] "For his invention of an Engine for driving the Piles to make a Foundation for the Bridge to be erected at Westminster, the Model whereof had been shown to the Society"
1737 Джон Белчер[en] "For his Experiment to show the property of a Diet of Madder Root in dyeing the Bones of living animals of a red colour"
1736 Джон Теофил Дезагюлье "For his experiments made during the year"
1735 (не присуждалась)
1734 Джон Теофил Дезагюлье "In consideration of his several Experiments performed before the Society"
1733 (не присуждалась)
1732 Стивен Грей "For the Experiments he made for the year 1732"
1731 Стивен Грей "For his new Electrical Experiments: – as an encouragement to him for the readiness he has always shown in obliging the Society with his discoveries and improvements in this part of Natural Knowledge"

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