Методология экономической науки

Материал из Википедии — свободной энциклопедии
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Методоло́гия экономи́ческой нау́ки — изучение методов, в особенности научного метода, в отношении экономики, включая принципы выводного знания[1]. В современном русском языке термин методология означает методы, приёмы, используемые при познании чего-либо и объединённые общей целью, задачей и т. п.[2]

Области исследований[править | править исходный текст]

Методологические проблемы, в том числе аналогии и различия в сравнении с естественными и другими общественными науками, включают:

  • определение экономики как науки[3],
  • сфера экономики с точки зрения её методов[4],
  • фундаментальные принципы и исследовательское значение экономической теории[5],
  • методологический индивидуализм в сравнении с холизмом в экономике[6],
  • логические посылки, включая теории рационального выбора и максимизации прибыли, в основаниях экономической теории и в опытном применении для объяснения и предсказания феноменов, также аккуратность этих посылок[7],
  • научный статус экономики[8],
  • соотношение эмирического и философского подходов[9],
  • роль эксперимента в экономике[10],
  • роль математической экономики и математики в экономике[11],
  • экономические сочинения[12] и риторика[13],
  • отношения между теорией, наблюдением и их приложением в современной экономической теории[14],
  • история экономической методологии[15].

Примечания[править | править исходный текст]

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